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Supplementary motor area syndrome after surgery for parasagittal meningiomas

Abstract

Background

Resection within the supplementary motor area (SMA) may be accompanied by dramatic motor deficits and speech arrest when the dominant hemisphere is involved, termed the SMA syndrome. Typically, the muscle tone of the paralyzed extremities is preserved, and in most cases, a complete or near complete recovery is seen within a few months. The SMA syndrome has not been recognized for extra-axial tumor surgery in approximation of the SMA.

Methods

We observed the SMA syndrome in a patient operated for a parasagittal meningioma in the posterior frontal region, and this observation intrigued us to prospectively collect similar cases.

Results

In the period from January 2010 to December 2015, we observed five patients who developed a partial SMA syndrome after surgery for frontal parasagittal meningiomas. The muscle tone was preserved in the affected extremities. All patients experienced improvement in motor function within a few days, and on follow-up, three out of five patients had recovered completely. Three of the patients had meningioma WHO grade II.

Conclusions

Surgically induced SMA syndrome can easily be confused with pyramidal weakness. This series of cases demonstrate that the syndrome may also develop after removal of extra-axial tumors and is probably underdiagnosed and underreported. The good functional prognosis is helpful in the preoperative counseling and follow-up of these patients.

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Correspondence to Einar August Høgestøl.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

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Berg-Johnsen, J., Høgestøl, E.A. Supplementary motor area syndrome after surgery for parasagittal meningiomas. Acta Neurochir 160, 583–587 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00701-018-3474-3

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Keywords

  • Meningioma
  • Parasagittal
  • SMA syndrome
  • Surgery
  • Clinical outcome