An optimization scheme for IoT based smart greenhouse climate control with efficient energy consumption

Abstract

Internet of Things (IoT) has attracted tremendous research attention in the recent past fromindustry and academia. IoT is quite helpful in uplifting living standards by transforming conventional technology into smart systems. Greenhouse production is considered as an ultimate solution for rising global food demands with the growing population. Greenhouse provides a year-round production facility for fresh vegetables with around 50% increased production rate in comparison to open-air cultivation. However, energy consumption and labor cost in greenhouses account for more than 50% of the cost of greenhouse production. In this paper, we have proposed a novel optimization scheme that aims to achieve a trade-off between energy consumption and desired climate setting in greenhouse i.e. temperature, \({\mathrm{CO}}_2\) level, and humidity. For performance evaluation of the proposed system, we have developed an ad-hoc emulator of the greenhouse environment. For the proposed model validation and experimental analysis, we have used 15 days of external environmental data collected in Jeju, South Korea. Proposed optimization scheme results are compared with a baseline scheme. Comparative analysis of experimental results shows that our proposed model maintains desired indoor environment for maximizing crop production with 26.56% reduced energy consumption than the baseline scheme. Furthermore proposed model achieve a 27.76% cost reduction when compared to the baseline scheme. Better optimization results of the proposed scheme give us the confidence to further investigate its effectiveness in a real environment for achieving improved energy efficiency.

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported by Energy Cloud R&D Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT (2019M3F2A1073387), and this research was supported by Institute for Information & Communications Technology Planning & Evaluation (IITP) Grant funded by the Korea Government (MSIT) (No. 2018-0-01456, AutoMaTa: Autonomous Management framework based on artificial intelligent Technology for adaptive and disposable IoT). Any correspondence related to this paper should be addressed to Dohyeun Kim.

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Correspondence to Israr Ullah.

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Ullah, I., Fayaz, M., Aman, M. et al. An optimization scheme for IoT based smart greenhouse climate control with efficient energy consumption. Computing (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00607-021-00963-5

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Keywords

  • Energy efficiency
  • IoT
  • Optimization
  • Smart greenhouse

Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 68T20