Understanding and estimating quality of experience in WebRTC applications


WebRTC comprises a set of technologies and standards that provide real-time communication with web browsers, simplifying the embedding of voice and video communication in web applications and mobile devices. The perceived quality of WebRTC communication can be measured using quality of experience (QoE) indicators. QoE is defined as the degree of delight or annoyance of the user with an application or service. This paper is focused on the QoE assessment of WebRTC-based applications and its contribution is threefold. First, an analysis of how WebRTC topologies affect the quality perceived by users is provided. Second, a group of Key Performance Indicators for estimating the QoE of WebRTC users is proposed. Finally, a systematic survey of the literature on QoE assessment in the WebRTC arena is presented.

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This work has been supported by the European Commission under project ElasTest (H2020-ICT-10-2016, GA-731535); by the Regional Government of Madrid (CM) under project Cloud4BigData (S2013/ICE-2894) cofunded by FSE & FEDER; and the Spanish Government under project LERNIM (RTC-2016-4674-7) cofunded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, FEDER & AEI.

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Correspondence to Boni García.

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García, B., Gallego, M., Gortázar, F. et al. Understanding and estimating quality of experience in WebRTC applications. Computing 101, 1585–1607 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00607-018-0669-7

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  • WebRTC
  • Quality of experience
  • QoE management

Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 68N30 Mathematical aspects of software engineering (specification, verification, metrics, requirements, etc.)