Computing

, Volume 99, Issue 1, pp 3–22 | Cite as

Towards energy-proportional clouds partially powered by renewable energy

  • Nicolas Beldiceanu
  • Bárbara Dumas Feris
  • Philippe Gravey
  • Sabbir Hasan
  • Claude Jard
  • Thomas Ledoux
  • Yunbo Li
  • Didier Lime
  • Gilles Madi-Wamba
  • Jean-Marc Menaud
  • Pascal Morel
  • Michel Morvan
  • Marie-Laure Moulinard
  • Anne-Cécile Orgerie
  • Jean-Louis Pazat
  • Olivier Roux
  • Ammar Sharaiha
Article

Abstract

With the emergence of the Future Internet and the dawning of new IT models such as cloud computing, the usage of data centers (DC), and consequently their power consumption, increase dramatically. Besides the ecological impact, the energy consumption is a predominant criterion for DC providers since it determines the daily cost of their infrastructure. As a consequence, power management becomes one of the main challenges for DC infrastructures and more generally for large-scale-distributed systems. In this paper, we present the EpoCloud prototype, from hardware to middleware layers. This prototype aims at optimizing the energy consumption of mono-site Cloud DCs connected to the regular electrical grid and to renewable-energy sources.

Keywords

Data-center Energy-efficiency Virtualization Task placement Optical network Prediction algorithms SLA 

Mathematics Subject Classification

68M14 68M10 68M20 

References

  1. 1.
    Beldiceanu N, Carlsson M, Douence R, Simonis H (2015a) Using finite transducers for describing and synthesising structural time-series constraints. Constraints 21(1):22–40Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Beldiceanu N, Dumas Feris B, Gravey P, Hasan MS, Jard C, Ledoux T, Li Y, Lime D, Madi-Wamba G, Menaud JM, Morel P, Morvan M, Moulinard ML, Orgerie AC, Pazat JL, Roux O, Sharaiha A (2015b) The EPOC project: energy proportional and opportunistic computing system. In: International conference on smart cities and green ICT systems (SMARTGREENS)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chiaroni D, Santamaria GB, Simonneau C, Etienne S, Antona JC, Bigo S, Simsarian J (2010) Packet oadms for the next generation of ring networks. Bell Labs Tech J 14(4):265–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Farrington N, Porter G, Forencich A, Ford J, Fainman Y, Vahdat A, Papen G (2013) Optical/electrical hybrid switching for datacenter communications. In: OptoElectronics and communications conference (OECC/PS), pp 1–2Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Goiri I, Katsak W, Le K, Nguyen T, Bianchini R (2014) Designing and managing data centers powered by renewable energy. IEEE Micro 34(3):8–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Green House Data (2007) Green house data. http://www.greenhousedata.com/green-data-centers
  7. 7.
    GreenQloud (2010) Greenqloud. https://www.greenqloud.com
  8. 8.
    Haque ME, Le K, Goiri Í, Bianchini R, Nguyen TD (2013) Providing green SLAs in high performance computing clouds. In: International green computing conference (IGCC), pp 1–11Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hasan MS, Kouki Y, Ledoux T, Pazat JL (2014) Cloud energy broker: towards SLA-driven green energy planning for IaaS providers. In: IEEE internatonal conference on high performance computing and communications (HPCC)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hasan MS, Kouki Y, Ledoux T, Pazat JL (2015) Exploiting renewable sources: when green SLA becomes a possible reality in cloud computing. IEEE Trans Cloud ComputGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Inc MI (2002) Power, heat, and sledgehammer. Tech. rep, University of Zurich, Department of InformaticsGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Indre RM, Pesic J, Roberts J (2014) Popi: a passive optical pod interconnect for high performance data centers. In: 2014 international conference on optical network design and modeling, IEEE, pp 84–89Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kachris C, Tomkos I (2012) A survey on optical interconnects for data centers. IEEE Commun Surv Tutor 14(4):1021–1036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kachris C, Tomkos I (2013) Power consumption evaluation of all-optical data center networks. Clust Comput 16(3):611–623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Li Y, Orgerie AC, Menaud JM (2015) Opportunistic scheduling in clouds partially powered by green energy. In: IEEE International conference on green computing and communications (GreenCom), Sydney, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Liboiron-Ladouceur O, Shacham A, Small BA, Lee BG, Wang H, Lai CP, Biberman A, Bergman K (2008) The data vortex optical packet switched interconnection network. J Lightwave Technol 26(13):1777–1789CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pincemin E, Song M, Karaki J, Guillossou T, Thouenon G, Clavier R, Van Der Keur M, Le Bidan R, Gravey P, Froc G, Moulinard ML, Dumas Feris BP, Morvan M, Le Gall T, Jaouen Y, Poudoulec A, Betoule C, Grot D, Zia-Chahabi O (2014) Multi-band OFDM transmission at 100 Gbps with sub-band optical switching. J Lightwave Technol 32(12):2202–2219. doi:10.1109/JLT.2014.2322517 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ren C, Wang D, Urgaonkar B, Sivasubramaniam A (2012) Carbon-aware energy capacity planning for datacenters. In: IEEE international symposium on modeling, analysis and simulation of computer and telecommunication systems (MASCOTS), pp 391–400Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sanjee I, Widjaja I (2004) A new optical network architecture that exploits joint time and wavelength interleaving. In: Optical fiber communication conference, 2004. OFC 2004, vol 1, pp 446–448Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Simsarian J, Zhang L (2004) Wavelength locking a fast-switching tunable laser. IEEE Photon Technol Lett 16(7):1745–1747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Singla A, Singh A, Ramachandran K, Xu L, Zhang Y (2010) Proteus: a topology malleable data center network. In: Proceedings of the 9th ACM SIGCOMM workshop on hot topics in networks, ACM, p 8Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sridharan R, Mahapatra R (2010) Reliability aware power management for dual-processor real-time embedded systems. In: ACM design automation conference (DAC), pp 819–824Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yoo SJB (2006) Optical packet and burst switching technologies for the future photonic internet. J Lightwave Technol 24(12):4468–4492CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolas Beldiceanu
    • 1
  • Bárbara Dumas Feris
    • 2
  • Philippe Gravey
    • 2
  • Sabbir Hasan
    • 3
  • Claude Jard
    • 4
  • Thomas Ledoux
    • 1
  • Yunbo Li
    • 1
  • Didier Lime
    • 5
  • Gilles Madi-Wamba
    • 1
  • Jean-Marc Menaud
    • 1
  • Pascal Morel
    • 6
  • Michel Morvan
    • 2
  • Marie-Laure Moulinard
    • 2
  • Anne-Cécile Orgerie
    • 7
  • Jean-Louis Pazat
    • 3
  • Olivier Roux
    • 5
  • Ammar Sharaiha
    • 6
  1. 1.Mines de Nantes, LINANantesFrance
  2. 2.Telecom Bretagne, Lab-STICCBrestFrance
  3. 3.INSA de Rennes, IRISARennesFrance
  4. 4.Université de Nantes, LINANantesFrance
  5. 5.Ecole Centrale de Nantes, IRCCyNNantesFrance
  6. 6.ENIB, Lab-STICCBrestFrance
  7. 7.CNRS, IRISARennesFrance

Personalised recommendations