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Campanula aureliana (Campanulaceae), a new species from Albania

Abstract

Campanula is a species-rich genus with high variability of the morphological traits, controversial taxonomic treatments within the Mediterranean basin as a species diversity center. One of the monophyletic groups in the genus is the Campanula series Garganicae Trinajstić distributed in the amphi-Adriatic and Ionian region. The group as currently delimited encompasses 11 taxa, mostly with highly restricted distributional ranges. In the present study plants previously named as Campanula garganica Ten. var. albanica Markgr. are described and illustrated as an isophyllous species from central Albania, for which name Campanula aureliana Bogdanović, Rešetnik, Brullo & Shuka is proposed. The results of phylogenetic analyses based on nuclear ITS and chloroplast trnL–trnF data support C. aureliana as a clearly distinct taxon within the Campanula ser. Garganicae. Its description is given, and diagnostic morphological and SEM seed micromorphological characters of closely related species are compared and discussed. Morphologically C. aureliana shows close affinity with C. fenestrellata Feer, mainly for the habit, shape and size of the corolla, but differs in a lot of significant features. Information on the ecology and conservation status of the newly described species is presented.

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Acknowledgments

We thank the curators of the following herbaria B, BEOU, BM, BP, CAT, CNHM, K, MKNH, NAP, NHMR, PAL, RO, TIR, W, WU, ZA, ZAGR, and ZAHO for the examination of Campanula specimens. Thank to Nicholas Turland (Germany) for kind search of type material of C. garganica var. albanica in B, as well as to Zoltán Barina (Hungary) for access of Albanian Campanula material in BP. We also thank Theophanis Constantinidis (Greece) for sending the material of Campanula acarnanica, and Marija Jug-Dujaković and Martina Temunović (Croatia) for assistance in the field trip. We are grateful to Katherine Challis (England) for nomenclatural advice. This study was financially supported by project no. 119-1191193-1232 of the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports (Zagreb, Croatia) and by the Croatian Academy of Science project “Genetic diversity of Croatian endemic Campanula”. This research received support from the SYNTHESYS Project http://www.synthesys.info/ which is financed by European Community Research Infrastructure Action under the FP7 “Capacities Program”. The field trips of the fourth author were kindly supported by AKTI (Agency for Research, Technology and Innovation) in Albania.

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Correspondence to Sandro Bogdanović.

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S. Bogdanović and I. Rešetnik have contributed equally to this work.

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Bogdanović, S., Rešetnik, I., Brullo, S. et al. Campanula aureliana (Campanulaceae), a new species from Albania. Plant Syst Evol 301, 1555–1567 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-014-1171-0

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Keywords

  • Campanula
  • Balkan Peninsula
  • Endemic
  • Isophyllous bellflowers
  • Phylogeny
  • Taxonomy