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Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 298, Issue 7, pp 1407–1414 | Cite as

Phylogenetic studies in the polyploid complex of the genus Leucanthemum Mill. (Compositae, Anthemideae) based on cpDNA sequence variation

  • Roland Greiner
  • Robert Vogt
  • Christoph Oberprieler
Short Communication

Abstract

To reconstruct the evolutionary history of the polyploid southern and central European genus Leucanthemum, comprising 41 species with ploidy levels ranging from 2x to 22x, we analysed chloroplast DNA sequence variation (psbA-trnH and trnL-trnF intergenic spacer regions) of 106 representatives belonging to 30 species and 41 taxa. In an unrooted haplotype network, which shows internal (ancestral) haplotypes that are mainly represented by diploid taxa (L. gallaecicum, L. gracilicaule, L. halleri, L. laciniatum, L. lithopolitanicum, L. rotundifolium, and L. tridactylites), we identified three major haplotype groups (HTGs) containing diploid and polyploid species. Whereas HTG I contains most of the polyploid taxa of the genus, with a single diploid species from the SW Alps (L. virgatum), HTG II consists of four diploid (L. burnatii, L. gaudinii, L. graminifolium, and L. vulgare) and six polyploid species, and HTG III comprises one diploid (L. pluriflorum) and three polyploid species endemic to the NW part of the Iberian Peninsula. We also further found evidence for recurrent formation of at least three polyploid taxa (i.e., L. delabrei, L. ircutianum subsp. cantabricum, and L. pallens).

Keywords

Asteraceae Chloroplast DNA Hybridisation Polyploidy trnL-trnpsbA-trn

Notes

Acknowledgments

The technical help of Mr Peter Hummel in the molecular laboratory of the working group at the University of Regensburg is gratefully acknowledged. We would like to express our thanks to two reviewers of a former version of the paper who substantially improved the contribution.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roland Greiner
    • 1
  • Robert Vogt
    • 2
  • Christoph Oberprieler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of BotanyUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany
  2. 2.Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-DahlemFree University of BerlinBerlinGermany

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