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Additions to the cytologically investigated species of Potentilla L. (Rosaceae) from India

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Abstract

At present 14 species of Potentilla L. have been cytologically worked out from different geographical areas of Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh in the Western Himalayas. New chromosome numbers in nine species—Potentilla argyrophylla (n = 14), P. atrosanguinea (n = 7, 14), P. desertorum (n = 7), P. gerardiana (n = 14), P. indica (n = 14), P. micropetala (n = 14), P. nepalensis (n = 14), P. sibbaldia (n = 14) and P. thomsonii (n = 7)—have been reported on a worldwide basis for the first time. Additional chromosomal races of polyploid cytotypes for P. argyrophylla (n = 28) and P. desertorum (n = 14) along with a diploid cytotype for P. micropetala (n = 7) plus diploid cytotypes for the five species as P. fulgens (n = 7), P. gelida (n = 7), P. kleiniana (n = 7), P. sibbaldia (n = 7) and P. sundaica (n = 7) as well as a tetraploid cytotype for P. fruticosa (n = 14) all have been cytologically worked out from India for the first time. The course of meiosis varies from normal to abnormal in different populations of the majority of the species, such as P. argyrophylla, P. atrosanguinea, P. desertorum, P. fruticosa, P. fulgens, P. gelida, P. indica, P. nepalensis, P. sibbaldia and P. sundaica, except for normal meiosis observed in P. gerardiana, P. kleiniana, P. micropetala and P. thomsonii. The anomalous taxa are marked with meiotic abnormalities in the form of cytomixis, chromosomal stickiness, unoriented bivalents, formation of laggards and bridges resulting in abnormal microsporogenesis, and production of heterogenous-sized fertile pollen grains along with reduced pollen fertility. All the taxa with normal meiotic courses show nearly one hundred percent pollen fertility.

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Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, under the DRS SAP III of UGC, FIST of the DST programs and the Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship Scheme for providing financial assistance. We are very thankful to the Director of Botanical Surveys of India, DehraDun, for his help in identification of plant species.

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Rani, S., Kumar, S., Jeelani, S.M. et al. Additions to the cytologically investigated species of Potentilla L. (Rosaceae) from India. Plant Syst Evol 298, 485–497 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-011-0560-x

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