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Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 298, Issue 1, pp 165–171 | Cite as

Comparative study (AFLP and morphology) of three species of Prosopis of the Section Algarobia: P. juliflora, P. pallida, and P. limensis. Evidence for resolution of the “P. pallidaP. juliflora complex”

  • R. A. Palacios
  • A. D. BurghardtEmail author
  • J. T. Frías-Hernández
  • V. Olalde-Portugal
  • N. Grados
  • L. Alban
  • O. Martínez-de la Vega
Original Article

Abstract

The problems of delimitation of species of Prosopis originate from the few morphological discontinuities which exist among some of them; some, however, originated as a result of wide distribution of germplasm without proper knowledge of the species, in particular, much material catalogued as P. juliflora, but being of other species, was distributed for reforestation projects worldwide. This work tests the morphological results obtained for P. pallida and P. limensis of the Peruvian–Ecuadorian coast and for P. juliflora of the Caribbean Basin of Colombia and Venezuela utilizing a study of AFLPs and a study of the morphology of plantlets developed in a conventional garden study. The phenogram obtained for the AFLPs demonstrates each of the three species to be a well differentiated cluster and the molecular variance between them is significantly greater than the variance within each species. Study of the plantlets also indicates statistically significant differences for four morphological characters between P. juliflora and the other two species (P. pallida and P. limensis). These results, in addition to the morphological differentiation evident between adult plants of P. pallida and P. limensis and the clear separation of these two species from P. juliflora, corroborate the genetic identity of the three taxa analyzed.

Keywords

Leguminosae Prosopis Taxonomy AFLP Morphology 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. A. Palacios
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. D. Burghardt
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • J. T. Frías-Hernández
    • 3
  • V. Olalde-Portugal
    • 4
  • N. Grados
    • 5
  • L. Alban
    • 6
  • O. Martínez-de la Vega
    • 7
  1. 1.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)Buenos AiresRepública Argentina
  2. 2.Dpto. de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental Facultad de Cs. Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresRepública Argentina
  3. 3.Division de Ciencias de la Vida, Departamento de Ciencias AmbientalesUniversidad de GuanajuatoIrapuatoMexico
  4. 4.Departamento de Biotecnología y Bioquímica del CINVESTAV-IPNUnidad IrapuatoIrapuatoMexico
  5. 5.Unidad de Proyectos Ambientales y Desarrollo IntegralUniversidad de PiuraPiuraPeru
  6. 6.Naturaleza y Cultura InternacionalPiuraPeru
  7. 7.LANGEBIO, CINVESTAV-IPN, Unidad IrapuatoIrapuatoMexico

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