Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 298, Issue 1, pp 69–85 | Cite as

A new species in the genus Nomocharis Franchet (Liliaceae): evidence that brings the genus Nomocharis into Lilium

  • Yun-Dong Gao
  • Markus Hohenegger
  • AJ Harris
  • Song-Dong Zhou
  • Xing-Jin HeEmail author
  • Juan Wan
Original Article


Nomocharis aperta (Franchet) E. Wilson is a heterogeneous species including morphotypes with pink tepals bearing swellings on both sides of the inner tepal’s basal median channel and those with yellow tepals lacking swellings. Molecular phylogenetic and pair-wise distance analyses of nrITS and chloroplast psbA-trnH support recognition of the yellow-flowered morphotype lacking nectary processes as a new, separate species of Nomocharis. Here, we present the new species, Nomocharis gongshanensis Y. D. Gao et X. J. He sp. nov., and resolve its systematic position in the LiliumNomocharis complex using the ITS and psbA-trnH markers. Seven variant copies of ITS were isolated from N. gongshanensis. Maximum parsimony and Bayesian analyses placed the clones in two different Nomocharis clades, N. aperta + N. saluenensis and sect. Eunomocharis, suggesting a putative hybrid origin of the new species. The psbA-trnH sequence of N. gongshanensis is identical to that of N. saluenensis, indicating that the latter may be the maternal ancestor. Our analyses support the monophyly of LiliumNomocharis and mutual paraphyly of the two genera. Nomocharis was resolved within Lilium as sister to the European lilies of sect. Liriotypus (sensu İkinci). The 12 LiliumNomocharis clades recovered in this study are consistent with previous molecular studies but are incongruent with traditional circumscription of and subgeneric divisions within Lilium. These results highlight the need for taxonomic revision of Lilium to accommodate Nomocharis and reconsideration of the origin and evolution of Nomocharis.


ITS LiliumNomocharis complex Nomocharis gongshanensis Y. D. Gao et X. J. He psbA-trn



The authors thank anonymous reviewers and Professor Jie-mei Xu for valuable suggestions on improvement of the manuscript as well as Hai-feng Wang at the Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences for assistance with obtaining primary literature sources. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31100161), the Doctoral Fund of the Ministry of Education of China (20090181110064), the Basic Research Program from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (grant no. 2007FY110100), and the Research Fund for the Large-scale Scientific Facilities of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (2009-LSF-GBOWS-01).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (XLS 53 kb)
606_2011_524_MOESM2_ESM.xls (141 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLS 141 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yun-Dong Gao
    • 1
  • Markus Hohenegger
  • AJ Harris
    • 2
  • Song-Dong Zhou
    • 1
  • Xing-Jin He
    • 1
    Email author
  • Juan Wan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Life SciencesSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Department of BotanyOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA

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