Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 266, Issue 3–4, pp 197–232

Revision of Central European taxa of Festuca ser. Psammophilae Pawlus: morphometrical, karyological and AFLP analysis

  • P. Šmarda
  • J. Šmerda
  • A. Knoll
  • P. Bureš
  • J. Danihelka
Article

Abstract

The taxonomic status of Central European taxa Festuca pallens s.l., F. psammophila, F. polesica, and F. vaginata was revised using the multivariate morphological analysis of well karyologically documented plants, and AFLP analysis. Six species were recognised: F. pallens Host (relict rocky habitats; diploid); F. csikhegyensis Simonk. (base-rich rocks; tetraploid); F. psammophila (Čelak.) Fritsch (acidic sands) with two subspecies, F. p. subsp. psammophila (E Germany, Poland, Bohemia) and F. p. subsp. dominii (Krajina) P. Šmarda (SW Moravia, NE Austria, SW Slovakia, C and E Poland); F. vaginata Willd. (base-rich sands mainly in the Pannonian Lowland); F. polesica Zapał. (seaside and inland sand dunes); and F. pseudovaginata Penksza (base-rich sands in the Pannonian Lowland). Identification key and distribution maps as well as informations about type specimens, exsiccata collections, synonyms, and hybrids are provided. Evolutionary relationships with the assumed putative ancestor F. pallens and the rather isolated position of F. polesica are discussed.

Keywords

Fescue taxonomy evolution multivariate morphometrics AFLP flow cytometry polyploidy 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Šmarda
    • 1
  • J. Šmerda
    • 1
  • A. Knoll
    • 2
  • P. Bureš
    • 1
  • J. Danihelka
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of ScienceMasaryk University in BrnoBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Animal Morphology, Physiology and GeneticsMendel University of Agriculture and Forestry in BrnoBrnoCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Ecology Brno, Institute of BotanyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicBrnoCzech Republic

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