Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 261, Issue 1–4, pp 217–228 | Cite as

A multivariate statistical approach to Centaurea classification using essential oil composition data of some species from Turkey

  • G. FlaminiEmail author
  • M. Tebano
  • P. L. Cioni
  • Y. Bagci
  • H. Dural
  • K. Ertugrul
  • T. Uysal
  • A. Savran


The composition of the essential oils of ten Centaurea species from Turkey, Centaurea aladaghensis, C. antiochia var. prealta, C. antitauri, C. babylonica, C. balsamita, C. cheirolepidoides, C. deflexa, C. iconiensis, C. lanigera, C. ptosimopappoides have been studied. Multivariate statistical analyses (Principal Component Analysis, Multidimensional Scaling, Hierarchical Cluster Analysis) applied to GC-MS data, seem to be very useful to investigate and establish the natural taxonomic delimitation of this very difficult genus. The groupings resulted independent from the ecological similarities (i.e. plants that live in the same habitats or share similar morphological characteristics), so it seems that the environment has no influence on the biosynthesis of the volatiles of these plants.


Centaurea aladaghensis C. antiochia var. prealta C. antitauri C. babylonica C. balsamita C. cheirolepidoides C. deflexa C. iconiensis C. lanigera C. ptosimopappoides Essential oil composition Turkey 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Flamini
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Tebano
    • 1
  • P. L. Cioni
    • 1
  • Y. Bagci
    • 2
  • H. Dural
    • 2
  • K. Ertugrul
    • 2
  • T. Uysal
    • 2
  • A. Savran
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Chimica Bioorganica e Biofarmacia PisaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and ArtSelcuk UniversityKonyaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and ArtNigde UniversityNigdeTurkey

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