Carboxylation modified meso-porous carbon aerogel templated by ionic liquid for solid-phase microextraction of trace tetracyclines residues using HPLC with UV detection

Abstract

A carbon aerogel composite templated and catalyzed by ionic liquid was fabricated to obtain a meso-porous and cross-linked structure while avoiding the freeze and supercritical drying. It was then carboxylated to obtain favorable surface groups. The easily prepared material displayed excellent extraction effect of six tetracyclines (TCs) compared to the non-carboxylated carbon aerogel. A direct immersion solid-phase microextraction method to determine six TCs in aqueous samples was developed coupling with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with UV-Vis detector set at 355 nm. The experimental parameters affecting the analytical performance of this method, including sample pH, ionic strength, extraction and desorption time, extraction volume, and temperature, were optimized. Adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics models were used to clarify the extraction mechanism. Under the optimized conditions, this method has a wide linear range of 2–1000 μg L−1, low limits of detection of 0.36–0.71 μg L−1, repeatability of 1.85–10.96%, and reproducibility of 4.92–13.47% for six TCs. The method was successfully applied to detect TC residues in egg and poultry farm wastewater samples.

Graphical abstract

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. 1.

    Yu H, Chen S, Cao P (2012) Synergistic bactericidal effects and mechanisms of low intensity ultrasound and antibiotics against bacteria: a review. Ultrason Sonochem 19:377–382

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Shariati S, Yamini Y, Esrafili A (2009) Carrier mediated hollow fiber liquid phase microextraction combined with HPLC–UV for preconcentration and determination of some tetracycline antibiotics. J Chromatogr B 877:393–400

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Agadellis E, Tartaglia A, Locatelli M, Kabir A, Furton GK, Samanidou V (2020) Mixed-mode fabric phase sorptive extraction of multiple tetracycline residues from milk samples prior to high performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet analysis. Microchem J 159:105437

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Sereshti H, Jazani SS, Nouri N, Shams G (2020) Dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction based on hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents: application for tetracyclines monitoring in milk. Microchem J 158:105269

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Di X, Zhao XJ, Guo XL (2020) Hydrophobic deep eutectic solvent as a green extractant for high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of tetracyclines in water samples. J Sep Sci 43:3129–3135

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Ponce-Rodríguez HD, García-Robles AA, Sáenz-González P, Verdú-Andrés J, Campíns-Falcó P (2020) On-line in-tube solid phase microextraction coupled to capillary liquid chromatography-diode array detection for the analysis of caffeine and its metabolites in small amounts of biological samples. J Pharm Biom Anal 178:112914

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Nawala J, Dawidziuk B, Dziedzic D, Gordon D, Popiel S (2018) Applications of ionic liquids in analytical chemistry with a particularremphasis on their use in solid-phase microextraction. TrendsAnalChem 105:18–36

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Jalili V, Barkhordari A, Ghiasvand A (2020) New extraction media in microextraction techniques. A review of reviews. Microchem J 153:104386

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Muhammad SJ, Mustafa S (2020) A review: RECENT advances in solid phase microextraction of toxic pollutants using nanotechnology scenario. Microchem J 159:105436

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Kistler SS (1931) Coherent expanded aerogels and jellies. Nature 127:41

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Tian Y, Feng J, Wang X, Luo C, Sun M (2019) Ionic liquid-functionalized silica aerogel as coating for solid-phasemicroextraction. J Chrom A 1583:48–54

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Jia X, Dai B, Zhu Z, Wang J, Qiao W, Long D, Ling L (2016) Strong and machinable carbon aerogel monoliths with low thermal conductivity prepared via ambient pressure drying. Carbon 108:551–560

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Meena AK, Mishra GK, Rai PK, Rajagopal C, Nagar PN (2005) Removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution susing carbon aerogel as an adsorbent. J Hazard Mater B 122:161–170

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Gutierrez MC, Rubio F, Monte F (2010) Resorcinol-formaldehyde polycondensationin deep eutectic solvents for the preparation of carbons and carbon-carbon nanotube composites. Chem Mater 22:2711–2719

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Yang H, Cui X, Deng Y, Shi F (2012) Ionic liquid templated preparation of carbon aerogels based on resorcinol–formaldehyde: properties and catalytic performance. J Mater Chem 22:21852

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Trujillo-Rodríguez MJ, Nan H, Varona M, Emaus MN, Souza ID, Anderson JL (2019) Advances of ionic liquids in analytical chemistry. Anal Chem 91:505–531

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Fontanals N, Borrull F, Marce RM (2012) Ionic liquids in solid-phase extraction. Trends Anal Chem 41:15–26

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Saridal K, Ulusoy HI (2019) A simple methodology based on cloud point extraction prior to HPLC-PDA analysis for tetracycline residues in food samples. Microchem J 150:104170

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Wepasnick KA, Smith BA, Schrote KE, Wilson HK, Diegelmann SR, Fairbrother DH (2011) Surface and structural characterization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes following different oxidative treatments. Carbon 49:24–36

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Blanchard NP, Hatton RA, Silva SRP (2007) Tuning the work function of surface oxidised multi-wallcarbon nanotubes via cation exchange. Chem Phys Lett 434:92–95

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Funding

Anhui Provincial Natural Science Foundation (No. 1908085 MB 52) supported this work.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zong-Mu Dong.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Supplementary information

ESM 1

(DOCX 960 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Dong, ZM., Cheng, L., Sun, T. et al. Carboxylation modified meso-porous carbon aerogel templated by ionic liquid for solid-phase microextraction of trace tetracyclines residues using HPLC with UV detection. Microchim Acta 188, 43 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-021-04707-2

Download citation

Keywords

  • Carboxylic carbon aerogel
  • Ionic liquid
  • Tetracyclines
  • Solid-phase microextraction