Gold nanoparticles decorated bimetallic CuNi-based hollow nanoarchitecture for the enhancement of electrochemical sensing performance of nitrite

Abstract

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) decorated bimetallic CuNi-based hollow nanoarchitecture (CNHN) are reported for the first time as a nonenzymatic sensor for the quantification of nitrite in neutral solution . The CNHN was prepared via a convenient calcining routine using the bimetallic CuNi-MOFs as a coprecursor. The unique chemical structure of hollow CNHN with high specific surface area and abundant terminal amino groups effectively avoid the aggregation of AuNPs and facilitate the subsequent adsorption of nitrite. The Au/CNHN exhibited high electrocatalytic activity towards nitrite oxidation due to the synergetic catalytic effect of AuNPs and CNHN. Chronoamperometric detection of nitrite at the Au/CNHN/GCE achieved a lower linear calibration range of 0.05 to 1.15 mM, with an LOD of 0.017 μM compared with previous reports. The proposed method obtained satisfactory recoveries for nitrite determination in practical applications, which was verified by UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The prepared sensor based on Au/CNHN featured favorable selectivity and stability, which provides a promising approach for real sample analysis.

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Funding

The research was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21874087), the Key R&D project of Shanxi Province (201803D421031), the Shanxi Scholarship Council of China (2017 Key1), the Shanxi Province Hundred Talents Project, the Queensland Government (WRAP052-2019RD1), and the James Cook University. The authors would like to thank Lijie Hou from Shiyanjia Lab for the support of XPS analysis.

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Lei, P., Zhou, Y., Zhu, R. et al. Gold nanoparticles decorated bimetallic CuNi-based hollow nanoarchitecture for the enhancement of electrochemical sensing performance of nitrite. Microchim Acta 187, 572 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-020-04545-8

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Keywords

  • Hollow nanoarchitecture
  • Au nanoparticles
  • Nitrite oxidation
  • Synergistic catalysis
  • Electrochemical sensor