Solid-phase microextraction of triazine herbicides via cellulose paper coated with a metal-organic framework of type MIL-101(Cr), and their quantitation by HPLC-MS

Abstract

Cellulose paper was coated with the metal-organic framework MIL-101(Cr) in a chitosan matrix and utilized for thin-film microextraction (TFME). The coated paper possesses excellent extraction efficiency for the triazine herbicides atraton, desmetryn, secbumeton, prometon, ametryn, dipropetryn, and dimethametryn. High-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was applied to quantify target analytes. The effects of mass ratio of MIL-101(Cr) to chitosan, sample pH value, time of adsorption and desorption, and type and volume of desorption solvent on extraction efficiency were optimized. Under the optimal conditions, the method has limits of detection between 1.5 and 22 ng·L−1. The recoveries of triazines from spiked tap water, drinking water, lake water and river water range from 77.0 to 125.3%, with relative standard deviations of <17.4%.

Cellulose paper was modified with metal-organic framework MIL-101(Cr)/chitosan by using a simple, efficient and environmentally friendly approach. The modified cellulose paper was then used as a novel extraction phase in thin-film microextraction (TFME).

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Acknowledgements

The financial support of Industrial Innovation Funds of Jilin Province of China (No. 2018C034-1) and Science and Technology Developing Foundation of Jilin Province of China (No. 20180201050YY) are greatly appreciated by all authors.

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Correspondence to Daqian Song.

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Jiang, Y., Ma, P., Piao, H. et al. Solid-phase microextraction of triazine herbicides via cellulose paper coated with a metal-organic framework of type MIL-101(Cr), and their quantitation by HPLC-MS. Microchim Acta 186, 742 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-019-3889-4

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Keywords

  • Metal organic framework (MOF)
  • Thin film microextraction (TFME)
  • Coated paper
  • Triazine herbicides