Manganese-doped zinc oxide hollow balls for chemiresistive sensing of acetone vapors

Abstract

Both pure and Mn(II)-doped ZnO hollow structures were synthesized by a solvothermal reaction, and their phase structures, morphologies and elemental composition were characterized. SEM and TEM observations show the pure ZnO and the Mn(II)-doped ZnO balls to possess similar hollow structure with a particle size of about 1.5 μm. Their sensing properties were investigated, and the composite containing 1 atom% of Mn(II) (1% Mn-ZnO) is found be display the highest selectivity for acetone. The detection limit is 100 ppm acetone at 234 °C which is 4.6 times lower than that of the pure ZnO. In addition, the response time is shorter.

ZnO and Mn-doped ZnO hollow balls were prepared by a hydrothermal method, and their gas-sensing properties were investigated. Zinc(II) oxide doped with 1 atom% Mn(II) demonstrated an outstanding sensing behavior towards acetone vapors.

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Acknowledgments

This work is supported by Key Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences through Grant KFZD-SW-320, NSF China through Grant 21471147. M. Yang would like to thank for the Ningbo 3315 program.

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Correspondence to Chunjie Jiang or Fengdong Qu or Minghui Yang.

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Wang, D., Shang, W., Zhang, B. et al. Manganese-doped zinc oxide hollow balls for chemiresistive sensing of acetone vapors. Microchim Acta 186, 44 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-018-3108-8

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Keywords

  • ZnO
  • Mn-doped ZnO
  • Hollow balls
  • Gas sensor
  • Acetone vapors