Impedimetric determination of Staphylococcal enterotoxin B using electrochemical switching with DNA triangular pyramid frustum nanostructure
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An electrochemical switching strategy is presented for the sensitive determination of Staphylococcus enterotoxin B (SEB). It is based on the use of DNA triangular pyramid frustum nanostructure (TPFDNA) consisting of (a) three thiolated probes, (b) one auxiliary probe, and (c) an aptamer against SEB. The TPFDNA was assembled on the gold electrode, with the SEB aptamer designed on top of the TPFDNA. The electron transfer to hexacyanoferrate acting as an electrochemical probe is strongly inhibited in the TPFDNA-modified electrode. This is assumed to be due to the formation of a 3D TPFDNA structure that limits access of hexacyanoferrate to the electrode. Therefore, the Faradaic impedance is large. However, in the presence of SEB, it will bind to the aptamer and dehybridize the hybrid formed between aptamer and its complementary sequence. As a result, the TPFDNA nanostructure changes to an equilateral triangle DNA nanostructure. This results in a more efficient electron transfer and a smaller Faradaic impedance. The method has a detection limit of 0.17 ng mL−1 of SEB (at an S/N of 3) and a dynamic range that covers the 0.2–1000 ng mL−1 concentration range. The applicability and reliability of the method was demonstrated by anayzing (spiked) milk samples, and the results were compared to those obtained with an ELISA kit. The relative standard deviations between the two methods range between −6.59 and 9.33%.
KeywordsTriangular pyramid frustum nanostructure Aptamer Staphylococcus aureus Electrochemical biosensor Gold electrode Hexacyanoferrate Electron transfer Double-layer barrier Faradaic impedance ELISA
The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 31701688, 21707070), and the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China (grant no. BK20170998).
Compliance with ethical standards
The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.
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