Microchimica Acta

, 185:292 | Cite as

Electrochemical determination of 2,4-dichlorophenol by using a glassy carbon electrode modified with molybdenum disulfide, ionic liquid and gold/silver nanorods

  • Huayu Huang
  • Mingxia Wang
  • Yang Wang
  • Xinli Li
  • Zhiying Niu
  • Xingyu Wang
  • Jinxi Song
Original Paper


Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) was used as an electrically conductive skeleton and functionalized with an ionic liquid and gold/silver nanorods. The resulting composite was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and UV–vis spectroscopy. The composites were used to modify a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) to obtain a sensor for 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP). The results show that the oxidation power and electrocatalytic activity of the modified GCE towards 2,4-DCP are enhanced compared to a bare GCE and other modified GCEs. Response is linear in the 0.01 to 50 μM 2,4-DCP concentration range, with a 2.6 nM detection limit. The sensor is highly sensitive and long-term stable. It was successfully applied to the determination of 2,4-DCP in spiked water samples and gave satisfactory recoveries.

Graphical abstract

Schematic of an electrochemical sensor for the differential pulse voltammetric (DPV) determination of 2,4-dichlorophenol. It is based on the use of an MoS2-ionic liquid-Au/Ag nanorod composite.


Dichalcogenides Hydrothermal method Electrocatalytic activity Nanocomposites Chlorinated phenols 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the Program for Key Science and Technology Innovation Team in Shaanxi Province (No. 2014KCT-27).

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2018_2834_MOESM1_ESM.doc (489 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 489 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying CapacityNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.College of Urban and Environmental ScienceNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina
  3. 3.College of Chemistry and Material ScienceNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina

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