Microchimica Acta

, 185:324 | Cite as

Anodic stripping voltammetric determination of total arsenic using a gold nanoparticle-modified boron-doped diamond electrode on a paper-based device

  • Kingkan Pungjunun
  • Sudkate Chaiyo
  • Issarapong Jantrahong
  • Siriwan Nantaphol
  • Weena Siangproh
  • Orawon Chailapakul
Original Paper


A multistep paper-based analytical device (mPAD) was designed and applied to the voltammetric determination of total inorganic arsenic. The electrodeposition of gold nanoparticles on a boron-doped diamond (AuNP/BDD) electrode and the determination of total inorganic arsenic is accomplished with a single device. Total inorganic arsenic can be determined by first reducing As(V) to As(III) using thiosulfate in 1.0 mol L−1 HCl. As(III) is then deposited on the electrode surface, and total inorganic arsenic is quantified as As(III) by square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry the potential range between −0.25 V and 0.35 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), best at around 0.05 V. Under optimal conditions, the voltammetric response for As(III) detection is linear in the range from 0.1 to 1.5 μg mL−1 and the limit of detection (3SD/slope) is 20 ng mL−1. The relative standard deviation at 0.3, 0.7 and 1.0 μg mL−1 of As(III) are 3.6, 4.3 and 3.3, respectively (10 different electrodes). The results show that the assay has high precision, a rather low working potential, and excellent sensor-to-sensor reproducibility. The method was employed to the determination of total inorganic arsenic in rice samples. Results agreed well with those obtained by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES).

Graphical abstract

A multistep paper-based analytical device (mPAD) is described that integrates a AuNP/BDD electrode preparation step and a detection step into a single device. The AuNPs are easily deposited on the BDD electrode by applying electrodeposition potential. The total inorganic arsenic concentration in rice samples was determined by using square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry.


Portable sensor Metal nanoparticles Arsenic detection Thiosulfate Electrochemical detection Rice sample 



The authors gratefully appreciated the financial support from the Thailand Research Fund via the Research Team Promotion Grant (RTA6080002), the Ratchadaphisaksomphot Endowment Fund of Chulalongkorn University and Science Achievement Scholarship of Thailand (SAST).

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2018_2821_MOESM1_ESM.docx (367 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 367 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kingkan Pungjunun
    • 1
  • Sudkate Chaiyo
    • 1
  • Issarapong Jantrahong
    • 1
  • Siriwan Nantaphol
    • 1
  • Weena Siangproh
    • 2
  • Orawon Chailapakul
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Electrochemistry and Optical Spectroscopy Center of Excellence, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceSrinakharinwirot UniversityBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Center of Excellence on Petrochemical and Materials TechnologyChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand

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