Simple optical determination of silver ion in aqueous solutions using benzo crown-ether modified gold nanoparticles
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We describe a method for the modification of gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) with benzo-15-crown-5 that led to the development of a colorimetric assay for Ag(I) ion. The brown color of a solution of the modified Au-NPs turns to purple on addition of Ag(I) ion. The ratio of the UV–vis absorption at 600 nm and 525 nm is proportional to the concentration of Ag(I) ions in the range from 20 to 950 nM, and the detection limit is 12.5 nM. Other metal ions do not interfere if present in up to millimolar concentrations. The method enables a rapid determination of Ag(I) in lake and drinking water and is amenable to bare-eye readout.
KeywordsNano sensors Gold nanoparticles Benzo-15-crown-5 Colorimetric sensing Heavy metals Silver sensor
We are thankful to the Islamic Azad university branch of Sanandaj for the support this work.
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