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Preconcentration of trace amounts of formaldehyde from water, biological and food samples using an efficient nanosized solid phase, and its determination by a novel kinetic method

Abstract

This work presents a sensitive method for the determination of formaldehyde. It is based on the use of modified alumina nanoparticles for its preconcentration, this followed by a new and simple catalytic kinetic method for its determination. Alumina nanoparticles were chemically modified by immobilization of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine via sodium dodecyl sulfate as a surfactant. The formaldehyde retained on the modified adsorbent was then desorbed and determined via its catalytic effect on the oxidation of thionine by bromate ion. Factors affecting the preconcentration and determination of formaldehyde have been investigated. Formaldehyde can be detected in the range from 0.05 to 38.75 μg L−1, and no serious interferences have been observed. The method has been successfully applied to the quantitation of formaldehyde in water, food, and certain biological samples.

Schematic representation of the grafting 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine on the SDS coated alumina nanoparticles for the preconcentration and determination of formaldehyde based on its catalytic effect on oxidation reaction of thionine by bromated ions. This method can be used to the determination of formaldehyde in different real samples.

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Acknowledgement

This research is supported by the Bu-Ali Sina University Research Council and Center of Excellence in Development of Chemical Methods (CEDCM).

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Correspondence to Abbas Afkhami.

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Afkhami, A., Bagheri, H. Preconcentration of trace amounts of formaldehyde from water, biological and food samples using an efficient nanosized solid phase, and its determination by a novel kinetic method. Microchim Acta 176, 217–227 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-011-0715-z

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-011-0715-z

Keywords

  • Preconcentration
  • Solid phase extraction
  • Formaldehyde determination
  • Kinetic spectrophotometry
  • Alumina nanoparticles