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Microchimica Acta

, Volume 176, Issue 3–4, pp 251–269 | Cite as

Particles and microfluidics merged: perspectives of highly sensitive diagnostic detection

  • Tania KonryEmail author
  • Shyam Sundhar Bale
  • Abhinav Bhushan
  • Keyue Shen
  • Erkin Seker
  • Boris Polyak
  • Martin YarmushEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

There is a growing need for diagnostic technologies that provide laboratories with solutions that improve quality, enhance laboratory system productivity, and provide accurate detection of a broad range of infectious diseases and cancers. Recent advances in micro- and nanoscience and engineering, in particular in the areas of particles and microfluidic technologies, have advanced the “lab-on-a-chip” concept towards the development of a new generation of point-of-care diagnostic devices that could significantly enhance test sensitivity and speed. In this review, we will discuss many of the recent advances in microfluidics and particle technologies with an eye towards merging these two technologies for application in medical diagnostics. Although the potential diagnostic applications are virtually unlimited, the most important applications are foreseen in the areas of biomarker research, cancer diagnosis, and detection of infectious microorganisms.

Figure

There is a growing need for diagnostic technologies that provide laboratories with solutions that improve quality, enhance laboratory system productivity, and provide accurate detection of a broad range of infectious diseases and cancers. In this review, we will discuss many of the recent advances in microfluidics and particle technologies with an eye towards merging these two technologies for application in medical diagnostics such as microfluidic device to monitor molecular secretions in real-time as demonstrated in this figure.

Keywords

Diagnostic detection Particle technologies Microfluidic Biomarker research Cancer diagnosis Detection of infectious microorganisms Bead based diagnostics 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tania Konry
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shyam Sundhar Bale
    • 1
  • Abhinav Bhushan
    • 1
  • Keyue Shen
    • 1
  • Erkin Seker
    • 2
  • Boris Polyak
    • 3
  • Martin Yarmush
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Center for Engineering in Medicine and Surgical Services, Massachusetts General HospitalHarvard Medical School and the Shriners Hospitals for ChildrenBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of California, DavisDavisUSA
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryDrexel University College of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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