Diazonium-functionalized tyrosinase-based biosensor for the detection of tea polyphenols

Abstract

A tyrosinase-based biosensor was constructed by immobilizing the enzyme on diazonium-functionalized screen-printed gold electrodes. Under optimized conditions, the biosensor exhibited rapid response to the changes in the concentration of all the tested phenolic compounds (catechol, catechin, caffeic acid and gallic acid). Sensitivity, linear range and limit of detection (LOD) were determined, and catechol was found to display the highest sensitivity (36.3 mA M−1) and the lowest LOD (0.1 μmol L−1). The biosensor was successfully applied to the detection of polyphenols in tea samples.

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Acknowledgments

The authors greatly acknowledge the European Commission for financial support through the project “Nutra-Snacks” (FOOD-CT-2005-023044).

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Correspondence to Montserrat Cortina-Puig.

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Cortina-Puig, M., Muñoz-Berbel, X., Calas-Blanchard, C. et al. Diazonium-functionalized tyrosinase-based biosensor for the detection of tea polyphenols. Microchim Acta 171, 187–193 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-010-0425-y

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Keywords

  • Biosensor
  • Tyrosinase
  • Diazonium salt
  • Phenolic compounds
  • Tea
  • Screen-printed gold electrodes