Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering

, Volume 51, Issue 6, pp 1863–1883 | Cite as

Field Investigation of a Roof Fall Accident and Large Roadway Deformation Under Geologically Complex Conditions in an Underground Coal Mine

  • Hongwei Wang
  • Sheng Xue
  • Yaodong Jiang
  • Daixin Deng
  • Suzhen Shi
  • Dengqiang Zhang
Original Paper


An investigation was undertaken to study the characteristics of large roadway deformation and driving force of roof fall in a geologically complex zone at Huangyanhui underground coal mine, Shanxi Province, China, and to determine the main factors contributing to a roof fall accident that occurred in this mine. A series of field tests were conducted in the mine to study the geological structures, in situ stress, excavation-damaged zones of the roadway, roof-to-floor and sidewall convergences, roof separation, bolts loading and island coal pillar stress. The results of these tests have revealed that the driving force of the large roadway deformation and roof fall was not the activation of the karst collapsed pillars or concentration stress in island coal pillar, but high levels of horizontal tectonic stress and fault slip were induced by mining activities.


Roof fall Karst collapsed pillar Fault slip Tectonic stress Roadway deformation 



This research was financially supported by the State Key Research Development Program of China (2016YFC0801401), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41502184), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation (2164067), the State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology in Beijing (SKLGDUEK1722) and the Excellent Talent Training (2016000020124G115).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongwei Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sheng Xue
    • 3
  • Yaodong Jiang
    • 1
    • 4
  • Daixin Deng
    • 1
  • Suzhen Shi
    • 4
  • Dengqiang Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mechanics and Civil EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for GeoMechanics and Deep Underground EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.Anhui University of Science and TechnologyHuainanChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and Safe Mining, BeijingChina University of Mining and TechnologyBeijingChina

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