Skip to main content

Feasibility of Dividing the Main Vessels for Enhancement of Dynamic Graciloplasty


Purpose: The technique of dynamic graciloplasty is not yet-completely satisfactory. Its function could be improved by ensuring total wrapping of the neoanus with the muscular part of the gracilis, but this can only be achieved by dividing the main blood vessels, which are considered essential for blood supply to the flap. We devised a vascular delay technique to preserve the flap without these vessels, which we performed first experimentally, then clinically, with promising results.

Methods: Seventeen Japanese white rabbits were given graciloplasty after electrical stimulation, vascular ligation, or no preparation. The neoanus was assessed manometrically and histologically 5 days later. The good results seen in the animals encouraged us to start performing enhanced dynamic graciloplasty clinically. Five patients were given electrical stimulation and the vascular delay technique was carried out before dynamic graciloplasty.

Results: Vascular delay in the rabbits preserved the muscle flap, but electrical stimulation had a limited effect. In all five patients, the neoanus was successfully wrapped with the muscular part of the flap. There were no ischemic symptoms or perioperative complications. Furthermore, the neoanal pressure increased significantly with electrical stimulation from 23.8 cmH2O to 89.2 cmH2O. Satisfactory continence was achieved in three of the four patients whom we were able to evaluate.

Conclusion: Dissection of the main vessels of the gracilis muscle with vascular delay and long-term electrical stimulation may optimize the gracilis flap in patients requiring dynamic graciloplasty.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Additional information

Received: January 11, 2002 / Accepted: May 7, 2002

Reprint requests to: T. Shatari, Department of Surgery, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TH, UK

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Shatari, T., Fujita, M., Nozawa, K. et al. Feasibility of Dividing the Main Vessels for Enhancement of Dynamic Graciloplasty. Surg Today 32, 974–980 (2002).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

  • Key words Fecal incontinence
  • Neoanal sphincter
  • Dynamic graciloplasty
  • Gracilis muscle
  • Vascular delay
  • Electrical stimulation