Surgery Today

, Volume 49, Issue 5, pp 369–377 | Cite as

Long-term outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy vs. thoracotomy lobectomy for stage IA non-small cell lung cancer

  • Risa Oda
  • Katsuhiro OkudaEmail author
  • Satoshi Osaga
  • Takuya Watanabe
  • Tadashi Sakane
  • Tsutomu Tatematsu
  • Keisuke Yokota
  • Hiroshi Haneda
  • Ryoichi Nakanishi
Original Article



Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy is performed widely for patients with clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) because of its superior short-term outcomes to those of thoracotomy lobectomy. However, the long-term outcomes of VATS lobectomy vs. thoracotomy lobectomy remain controversial.


We reviewed the clinical data of 202 consecutive patients who underwent lobectomy for clinical stage IA NSCLC at our institution between January, 2008 and December, 2013. Stage IA NSCLC was confirmed pathologically in 162 of these patients, 60 of whom underwent VATS lobectomy and 102 of whom underwent thoracotomy lobectomy. We compared the perioperative clinical factors and outcomes of these two groups, using a propensity score-matched analysis.


In an analysis of 58 matched cases, the VATS group showed less blood loss, a shorter duration of chest tube placement, a shorter postoperative hospital stay, and a lower peak C-reactive protein value, despite a longer operative time. The VATS group also had significantly longer survival than the thoracotomy group [5-year overall survival, 100% vs. 87%, respectively (p = 0.01); 5-year disease-free survival, 100% vs. 86% (p = 0.03)].


These findings suggest that VATS may have better long-term as well as short-term outcomes than thoracotomy for patients with early-stage NSCLC.


Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) Lobectomy Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) C-reactive protein (CRP) Long-term outcome 




Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

We have no conflicts of interest to declare.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Risa Oda
    • 1
  • Katsuhiro Okuda
    • 1
    Email author
  • Satoshi Osaga
    • 2
  • Takuya Watanabe
    • 1
  • Tadashi Sakane
    • 1
  • Tsutomu Tatematsu
    • 1
  • Keisuke Yokota
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Haneda
    • 1
  • Ryoichi Nakanishi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Oncology, Immunology and SurgeryNagoya City University Graduate School of Medical SciencesNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Clinical Research Management CenterNagoya City University Graduate School of Medical SciencesNagoyaJapan

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