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RETRACTED ARTICLE: Inhaled tiotropium to prevent postoperative cardiopulmonary complications in patients with newly diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring lung cancer surgery

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This article was retracted on 15 November 2021

This article has been updated

Abstract

Purpose

A new diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is often made during the evaluation of patients requiring lung cancer surgery. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the clinical effects of inhaled tiotropium on the postoperative cardiopulmonary complications in patients with untreated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring lung cancer surgery.

Methods

A retrospective study involving 104 consecutive patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who underwent a lobectomy for lung cancer at two specialized thoracic centers between April 2008 and October 2011 was performed. The results were compared between patients who did and did not receive inhaled tiotropium during the perioperative period. The primary endpoint was the incidence of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications. The postoperative white blood cell counts and C-reactive protein levels as biomarkers of inflammation were also examined.

Results

The incidence of postoperative cardiopulmonary complications was significantly lower in the tiotropium group than in the control group (18 vs. 48 %, P = 0.001). Patients in the tiotropium group also showed significantly lower white blood cell counts and C-reactive protein levels postoperatively.

Conclusions

Inhaled tiotropium treatment during the perioperative period had a prophylactic effect on postoperative cardiopulmonary complications in patients with newly diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring lung cancer surgery.

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Acknowledgments

No financial support for the study was provided by any organization.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Correspondence to Takashi Nojiri.

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Nojiri, T., Inoue, M., Yamamoto, K. et al. RETRACTED ARTICLE: Inhaled tiotropium to prevent postoperative cardiopulmonary complications in patients with newly diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring lung cancer surgery. Surg Today 44, 285–290 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00595-012-0481-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00595-012-0481-5

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