We thank Lorenz Lachmann, Claudia Matzke, Marlon Scholz, Joanna Stock, Stephanie Krause for data collection and expert technical assistance, Ramona Puff for laboratory management. We also thank all pediatricians and family doctors in Germany for participating in the BABYDIAB and BABYDIET study. The work was supported by grants from the Kompetenznetz Diabetes mellitus (Competence Network for Diabetes mellitus) funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (FKZ 01GI0805-07), the Juvenile Diabetes Research Fund (No 17-2012-16), and funding from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) to the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD e.V.).
Conflict of interest
Ruth Chmiel, Andreas Beyerlein, Annette Knopff, Sandra Hummel, Anette-G. Ziegler and Christiane Winkler declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All investigations were carried out in accordance with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki.
Human and animal rights
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008.
Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.