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Robotics is useful for less-experienced surgeons in spinal deformity surgery

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European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Purpose

To verify whether robotics was useful for surgeons who had less experience with spinal deformity surgery.

Methods

A retrospective review was conducted of 70 consecutive patients who underwent robotic-assisted pedicle screw placements with open procedures using a spine robotic system (Mazor X Stealth Edition) at a single institution from April 2021 to April 2022. Gertzbein–Robbins grades were used to assess the deviation of the 599 pedicle screws in the postoperative CT images. The rate of Grade A was considered the perfect accuracy rate, and the rate of Grades C, D, and E was calculated as the deviation rate. The perfect accuracy rate and deviation rate were compared between the spinal deformity and the non-deformity groups. The perfect accuracy rate, deviation rate, and screw insertion time were compared in the spinal deformity cases between the expert surgeon group and the less-experienced surgeon group.

Results

The deviation rate of the spinal deformity group was higher than that of the non-deformity group even though there was no statistically significant difference (spinal deformity group: 2.3%, non-deformity group: 1.2%, p = 0.350). In the spinal deformity cases, there was no significant difference in the perfect accuracy rate between the expert surgeon group and the less-experienced surgeon group, but the deviation rate was significantly lower in the less-experienced surgeon group (expert surgeon group: 5.0%, less-experienced surgeon group: 0%, p = 0.008). The screw insertion time was significantly shorter in the less-experienced surgeon group.

Conclusion

Robotics is particularly useful for surgeons with less experience in spinal deformity surgery.

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Availability of data and materials

The data sets acquired and analyzed in this study will be disclosed by the corresponding author on reasonable request.

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Funding

No funding was received for conducting this study.

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Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

JU and YT collected the data. JU and TA wrote and prepared the manuscript. All authors participated in the study design. All authors have read, reviewed, and approved the article.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tsutomu Akazawa.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

Tsutomu Akazawa received research support from Medtronic and Globus Medical. The other authors have no relevant financial or non-financial interests to disclose.

Ethical approval

Institutional review board of St. Marianna University School of Medicine approved this study. Approval code: No. 5714.

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The opt-out method was adopted to obtain informed consent from the subjects.

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The opt-out method was adopted to obtain informed consent from the subjects.

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Ueno, J., Torii, Y., Umehra, T. et al. Robotics is useful for less-experienced surgeons in spinal deformity surgery. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 33, 1805–1810 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00590-022-03362-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00590-022-03362-4

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