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Single- versus double-row repair for full-thickness rotator cuff tears using suture anchors. A systematic review and meta-analysis of basic biomechanical studies

  • Erik HohmannEmail author
  • Anya König
  • Cor-Jacques Kat
  • Vaida Glatt
  • Kevin Tetsworth
  • Natalie Keough
General Review • SHOULDER - BIOMECHANICS

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing single- and double-row biomechanical studies to evaluate load to failure, mode of failure and gap formation.

Materials and methods

A systematic review of MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus and Google Scholar was performed from 1990 through 2016. The inclusion criteria were: documentation of ultimate load to failure, failure modes and documentation of elongation or gap formation. Studies were excluded if the study protocol did not use human specimens. Publication bias was assessed by funnel plot and Egger’s test. The risk of bias was established using the Cochrane Collaboration’s risk of bias tool. Heterogeneity was assessed using χ 2 and I 2 statistic.

Results

Eight studies were included. The funnel plot was asymmetric suggesting publication bias, which was confirmed by Egger’s test (p = 0.04). The pooled estimate for load to failure demonstrated significant differences (SMD 1.228, 95% CI: 0.55–5.226, p = 0.006, I 2 = 60.47%), favouring double-row repair. There were no differences for failure modes. The pooled estimate for elongation/gap formation demonstrated significant differences (SMD 0.783, 95% CI: 0.169–1.398, p = 0.012, I 2 = 58.8%), favouring double-row repair.

Conclusion

The results of this systematic review and meta-analysis suggest that double-row repair is able to tolerate a significantly greater load to failure. Gap formation was also significantly lower in the double-row repair group, but both of these findings should be interpreted with caution because of the inherent interstudy heterogeneity.

Level of evidence

Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Keywords

Basic science Biomechanics Rotator cuff tear Single-row repair Double-row repair Meta-analysis Systematic review 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest in relation to the presented body of research.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erik Hohmann
    • 1
    • 2
    • 10
    Email author
  • Anya König
    • 3
  • Cor-Jacques Kat
    • 4
  • Vaida Glatt
    • 5
  • Kevin Tetsworth
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
  • Natalie Keough
    • 3
  1. 1.Clinical Medical SchoolUniversity of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  3. 3.Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  4. 4.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  5. 5.University of Texas Health Science CenterSan AntonioUSA
  6. 6.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryRoyal Brisbane HospitalHerstonAustralia
  7. 7.Department of Surgery, School of MedicineUniversity of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia
  8. 8.Queensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  9. 9.Orthopaedic Research Institute of AustraliaSydneyAustralia
  10. 10.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports MedicineValiant Clinic/Houston Methodist GroupDubaiUnited Arab Emirates

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