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A modified minimally invasive technique for intra-articular displaced calcaneal fractures fixed by transverse and axial screws

  • Original Article • FOOT - TRAUMA
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European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The management of displaced, intra-articular calcaneal fracture represents a surgical challenge to even an experienced orthopedic surgeon. Plate osteosynthesis using an extended lateral approach is complicated by soft tissue problems, while those treated by closed reduction and percutaneous pinning cannot address all the intra-articular fragments sufficiently. The objective of our study is to evaluate restoration of subtalar joint and long-term functional outcomes in intra-articular displaced calcaneal fractures treated with transverse subcondral screws through a small incision on lateral aspect of calcaneus and percutaneously placed axial screws through the calcaneal tuberosity. Forty-five intra-articular calcaneal fractures were managed with this minimally invasive technique. Calcaneal height, width, length, Bohler’s angle, and Gissane angle were measured preoperatively and last follow-up visit. Functional outcomes were assessed on the basis of American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle/hind foot score. Preoperative calcaneal length, height, width, Bohler’s angle, and Gissane angle were improved from 68.62 ± 2.64 to 72.44 ± 2.63 mm, 39.28 ± 2.72 to 32.37 ± 2.65 mm, 47.04 ± 2.56 to 49.55 ± 2.45 mm, 12.66° ± 2.86° to 26.93° ± 2.57°, 123.91° ± 3.13° to 96.06° ± 3.92°, respectively, after surgery with P value <0.001. There were 21 (46.7%) excellent, 17 (37.8%) good, 4 (8.8%) fair, and 3 (6.7%) poor outcomes based on AOFAS ankle/hindfoot scores. Time to unite the fracture was 11.06 ± 1.82 weeks (range 8–16 weeks), and all fractures were united without major complications. Minimally invasive technique through a small incision on lateral aspect of calcaneus gives a moderately good exposure for anatomical restoration of Sander’s type II and III calcaneal fractures fixed with both transverse and axial screws under fluoroscopic guidance.

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Correspondence to K. C. Kapil Mani.

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Kapil Mani, K.C., Acharya, P., Dirgha Raj, R.C. et al. A modified minimally invasive technique for intra-articular displaced calcaneal fractures fixed by transverse and axial screws. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 27, 997–1004 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00590-017-1969-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00590-017-1969-x

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