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The effect of inferomedial screw on postoperative shoulder function and mechanical alignment in proximal humerus fractures

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European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Aim

The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologic results of locking plate fixation with or without inferomedial screw (IMS) in surgically treated proximal humerus fractures.

Patients and methods

Thirty-six patients with displaced proximal humerus fractures from two centers were operated using locking plate. All of the fractures were classified according to the Neer classification. In 18 of the cases, an additional IMS running through the medial curvature of the surgical neck was used. There was no significant difference among both groups in terms of height, gender, weight, and mechanism of injury. The fractures were evaluated according to the radiographic and functional findings during follow-up period of 14 months in average (range 8–32 months). At the end of first year, shoulder radiographs were received and shoulder examinations were performed using ASES scores. Humeral head-shaft angles were measured by true AP projections. Head-shaft angle measurements were categorized as varus if <125, normal if between 125 and 145, and valgus if >145.

Results

Mean time for fracture healing was 18 weeks. Complete union was achieved in 35 patients by the end of 6 months. In one of the 18 displaced proximal humerus fractures of IMS (+) group, the head-shaft angle was measured to be <125, whereas six patients had varus deviation in IMS (−) group at follow-up (p < 0.05). Mean ASES scores of IMS (+) group and IMS (−) group were 58.21 ± 5.82 and 38.61 ± 3.44, respectively (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

Use of inferomedial screw running through the medial curvature of surgical neck prevents varus deformity and improves functional outcome after surgical treatment for proximal humerus fractures.

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Correspondence to Yunus İmren.

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Erdoğan, M., Desteli, E.E., İmren, Y. et al. The effect of inferomedial screw on postoperative shoulder function and mechanical alignment in proximal humerus fractures. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 24, 1055–1059 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00590-013-1391-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00590-013-1391-y

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