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Effect of clinical and radiological parameters on the quality of life in adult patients with untreated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a cross-sectional study

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Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors that affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in untreated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients in adulthood. We investigate the effect of clinical and radiological parameters on the SRS-22 results.

Methods

A total of 286 untreated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients at adult age between April 2021 and April 2022 who were admitted to our clinic were included in the study. Rotational deformities were evaluated with a scoliometer. Cobb angles, coronal balance, clavicle angle, coronal pelvic tilt, trunk shift, and apical vertebral translation were measured in standing anteroposterior X-rays. The effect of each clinical and radiological parameter on SRS-22 results was evaluated.

Results

No correlation was found between gender, age, curve type, presence of gibbosity or diagnosis time, and SRS-22 scores. A negative correlation was found between the BMI of the patients and the self-image scores (r =  − 0.246, p < 0.01) and function scores (r =  − 0.193, p < 0.05). Main thoracic (MT) gibbosity negatively correlates with self-image and total SRS-22 scores. Also, negative correlations were found between lumbar/thoracolumbar (LTL) gibbosity, function, and pain scores. MT Cobb angle magnitude was negatively correlated with self-image, mental health, and total SRS-22 scores. There were negative correlations between clavicle angle and mental health score, coronal pelvic tilt and self-image score, and apical vertebral translation and pain score.

Conclusion

BMI, MT gibbosity, LTL gibbosity, MT Cobb angle, clavicle angle, coronal pelvic tilt, and apical vertebral translation were negatively correlated with SRS-22 domains in untreated AIS patients in adulthood.

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Availability of data and material

The datasets generated during and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request. Code availability Statistics code is available upon request.

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Funding

No funding was received for conducting this study.

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All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by OE and UY. The first draft of the manuscript was written by OE and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Ömer Erşen.

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Erşen, Ö., Yüzügüldü, U., Başak, A.M. et al. Effect of clinical and radiological parameters on the quality of life in adult patients with untreated adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a cross-sectional study. Eur Spine J 32, 1196–1203 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-023-07571-1

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