To discuss the effect of posterior instrumented deformity correction and fusion on the progressive endochondral ossification of anterior vertebral body in a patient with congenital kyphosis secondary to type 1 vertebral anomaly.
A 15-year-old male patient presented with a progressively worsening congenital TL kyphosis of 52° magnitude secondary to a posterior hemivertebra. His pre-operative antero-posterior vertebral height ratio (APVHR) and anterior vertebral body defect ratio (AVBDR) on CT were 38% and 49%, respectively. He underwent posterior instrumented deformity correction with multilevel type 1 Schwab osteotomies and fusion.
Over the next 3 years, his serial imaging revealed progressive endochondral ossification and gradual increase in the dimensions of the vertebral body. At the final follow-up, there was a significant restoration of the deficient anterior vertebral body, and the final APVHR and AVBDR were 81% and 90%, respectively.
Restitution of posterior column integrity through stabilization can mitigate the compressive stresses across anterior column. Over a period of time, forces restraining the growth of anterior vertebral apophysis are alleviated, and the vertebra can potentially re-grow to near-normal dimensions in pediatric population. This phenomenon could be well-demonstrated in our patient during follow-up.
Level of evidence I
Diagnostic: individual cross-sectional studies with the consistently applied reference standard and blinding.