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Risk factors for acute proximal junctional kyphosis after adult spinal deformity surgery in preoperative motion analysis

Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to examine which motion analysis parameters regarding the dynamic aspects and/or balance affect the development acute proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) following adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery.

Methods

A total of 90 consecutive patients were recruited prospectively, who underwent a corrective surgery for ASD with sagittal imbalance. According to the development of acute PJK within 6 months after surgery, the patients were divided into the PJK+ and PJK− groups. Before surgery, three-dimensional gait analyses were performed using a motion analysis system. The preoperative continuous and categorical variables were compared between the PJK+ and PJK− groups using independent t tests and chi-square tests, respectively. Finally, a multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the risk factors and calculate the odds ratio (OR) for acute PJK.

Results

A total of 20 and 70 patients were classified into the PJK+ and PJK− groups, respectively. There were no differences in the spinopelvic radiologic parameters pre- and postoperatively between the PJK+ and PJK− groups. The PJK+ group showed a significantly higher mean anterior pelvic tilt (Ant-PT) angle in preoperative motion analysis than the PJK− group (P = 0.001 for both sides). Multivariate analysis identified the mean Ant-PT angle (P = 0.047; OR 1.127; 95% CI 1.002–1.267) as a significant risk factor for acute PJK.

Conclusion

Preoperative Ant-PT angle during walking was associated with a higher OR in acute PJK after surgery.

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Correspondence to Ho-Joong Kim.

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Ham, DW., Han, H., Kim, HJ. et al. Risk factors for acute proximal junctional kyphosis after adult spinal deformity surgery in preoperative motion analysis. Eur Spine J 30, 1215–1225 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-021-06830-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-021-06830-3

Keywords

  • Adult spinal deformity
  • Proximal junctional kyphosis
  • Motion analysis
  • Anterior pelvic tilt angle