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European Spine Journal

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 1249–1254 | Cite as

Text neck and neck pain in 18–21-year-old young adults

  • Gerson Moreira Damasceno
  • Arthur Sá Ferreira
  • Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira
  • Felipe José Jandre Reis
  • Igor Caio Santana Andrade
  • Ney Meziat-Filho
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between text neck and neck pain in young adults.

Methods

Observational cross-sectional study with 150 18–21-year-old young adults from a public high school in the state of Rio de Janeiro was performed. In the self-report questionnaire, the participants answered questions on sociodemographic factors, anthropometric factors, time spent texting or playing on a mobile phone, visual impairments, and concern with the body posture. The neck posture was assessed by participants’ self-perception and physiotherapists’ judgment during a mobile phone texting message task. The Young Spine Questionnaire was used to evaluate the neck pain. Four multivariate logistic regression models were fitted to investigate the association between neck posture during mobile phone texting and neck pain, considering potential confounding factors.

Results

There is no association between neck posture, assessed by self-perception, and neck pain (OR = 1.66, p = 0.29), nor between neck posture, assessed by physiotherapists’ judgment, and neck pain (OR = 1.23, p = 0.61). There was also no association between neck posture, assessed by self-perception, and frequency of neck pain (OR = 2.19, p = 0.09), nor between neck posture, assessed by physiotherapists’ judgment, and frequency of neck pain (OR = 1.17, p = 0.68).

Conclusion

This study did not show an association between text neck and neck pain in 18–21-year-old young adults. The findings challenge the belief that neck posture during mobile phone texting is associated to the growing prevalence of neck pain.

Keywords

Neck pain Cervical pain Mobile phone 

Notes

The authors thank Carlos Vicente Rodrigues for drawing the figures of postures.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

The Institutional Ethics Committee at the Augusto Motta University Centre approved this study before execution (CAAE 55790816.6.0000.5235).

Informed consent

All the participants were informed of the objectives and procedures of the study and signed a written informed consent form prior to enrolment, including explicit consent to use their image.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerson Moreira Damasceno
    • 1
  • Arthur Sá Ferreira
    • 1
  • Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira
    • 1
    • 2
  • Felipe José Jandre Reis
    • 2
    • 3
  • Igor Caio Santana Andrade
    • 4
  • Ney Meziat-Filho
    • 1
  1. 1.Postgraduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Centro Universitário Augusto Motta – UNISUAMRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Clinical MedicineUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  4. 4.FisiológicaTeófilo OtoniBrazil

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