European Spine Journal

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 475–481 | Cite as

Sagittal spino-pelvic alignment in rapidly destructive coxarthrosis

  • Tadatsugu Morimoto
  • Masaru Kitajima
  • Masatsugu Tsukamoto
  • Tomohito Yoshihara
  • Motoki Sonohata
  • Masaaki Mawatari
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the sagittal spino-pelvic alignment (SSPA) in patients with rapidly destructive coxarthrosis (RDC).

Methods

SSPA was investigated in 44 patients with RDC and 70 patients with hip osteoarthritis (HOA). The study included only female patients over the age of 70 years because epidemiological reports indicate that RDC most commonly occurs in this group of patients. The SSPA parameters that were analyzed included lumbar lordosis (LL), lumbar range of motion (ΔLL), sacral slope (SS), pelvic incidence (PI), and pelvic tilt (PT). The pelvic inclination angle (PIA) in the supine position and the change in the PIA from the supine to the standing position (ΔPIA) were measured using anteroposterior pelvic radiographs. The values of these parameters were compared between the two groups. The levels of the SRS-Schwab classification modifiers were used to investigate the degree of sagittal malalignment.

Results

The RDC group showed significant lower LL, ΔLL and SS values, and significantly higher PT and ΔPIA values than the HOA group (P < 0.01). With regard to the sagittal modifiers in the SRS-Schwab classifications of the patients, the PI-LL and PT levels of the RDC group were significantly worse than those in the HOA group (P < 0.01).

Conclusions

The present study suggests that the static factors of a reduction in the lumbar lordotic angle and greater posterior pelvic tilt, the dynamic factors of small ΔLL values and large ΔPIA values and the complex interaction of these two types of factors, may play important roles in the development of RDC.

Keywords

Sagittal spino-pelvic alignment Rapidly destructive coxarthrosis Pelvic tilt Hip-spine syndrome 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest with any financial organization regarding the material discussed in this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of MedicineSaga UniversitySagaJapan

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