European Spine Journal

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 1112–1118 | Cite as

Late bedtimes, short sleeping time, and longtime video-game playing are associated with low back pain in school-aged athletes

  • Yutaka Yabe
  • Yoshihiro Hagiwara
  • Takuya Sekiguchi
  • Haruki Momma
  • Masahiro Tsuchiya
  • Kaoru Kuroki
  • Kenji Kanazawa
  • Masashi Koide
  • Nobuyuki Itaya
  • Eiji Itoi
  • Ryoichi Nagatomi
Original Article



Low back pain is a significant problem for school-aged athletes. Although some risk factors relating to sports activities have been reported, the effect of lifestyles on low back pain in school-aged athletes is not clear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the association between lifestyles, such as wake-up time, bedtime, sleeping time, and TV-viewing or video-game-playing time per day and low back pain of school-aged athletes.


A cross-sectional study was conducted with school-aged athletes (aged 6–15 years, n = 6441) using a self-reported questionnaire and multivariate logistic regression models were used for analyses. Variables considered in the models were gender, age, body mass index, team levels, number of days in practice per week, number of hours in practice per day, and lifestyles.


The frequency of low back pain was 5.0% (n = 322). Late bedtime, short sleeping time, and long video-game-playing time per day were significantly associated with low back pain. There was no significant association between low back pain and wake-up time or TV-viewing time per day.


Unhealthy life-style choices, such as late bedtimes, short sleeping time, and longtime video-game playing, were associated with low back pain in school-aged athletes.


Low back pain School-aged athlete Lifestyle Bedtime Sleeping time Video-game playing 



This study was performed as part of the Miyagi Sports Medical Projects, and supported by Asahi Breweries.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.


This study was funded by Asahi Soft Drink Co., Ltd.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yutaka Yabe
    • 1
  • Yoshihiro Hagiwara
    • 1
    • 2
  • Takuya Sekiguchi
    • 1
  • Haruki Momma
    • 3
  • Masahiro Tsuchiya
    • 4
  • Kaoru Kuroki
    • 2
    • 5
  • Kenji Kanazawa
    • 1
  • Masashi Koide
    • 1
  • Nobuyuki Itaya
    • 1
  • Eiji Itoi
    • 1
  • Ryoichi Nagatomi
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryTohoku University School of MedicineSendaiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Medicine and Science in Sports and ExerciseTohoku University School of MedicineSendaiJapan
  3. 3.Division of Biomedical Engineering for Health and WelfareTohoku University Graduate School of Biomedical EngineeringSendaiJapan
  4. 4.Department of NursingFaculty of Health Science, Tohoku Fukushi UniversitySendaiJapan
  5. 5.Department of RehabilitationTohoku Fukushi UniversitySendaiJapan

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