Late bedtimes, short sleeping time, and longtime video-game playing are associated with low back pain in school-aged athletes
- 405 Downloads
Low back pain is a significant problem for school-aged athletes. Although some risk factors relating to sports activities have been reported, the effect of lifestyles on low back pain in school-aged athletes is not clear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the association between lifestyles, such as wake-up time, bedtime, sleeping time, and TV-viewing or video-game-playing time per day and low back pain of school-aged athletes.
A cross-sectional study was conducted with school-aged athletes (aged 6–15 years, n = 6441) using a self-reported questionnaire and multivariate logistic regression models were used for analyses. Variables considered in the models were gender, age, body mass index, team levels, number of days in practice per week, number of hours in practice per day, and lifestyles.
The frequency of low back pain was 5.0% (n = 322). Late bedtime, short sleeping time, and long video-game-playing time per day were significantly associated with low back pain. There was no significant association between low back pain and wake-up time or TV-viewing time per day.
Unhealthy life-style choices, such as late bedtimes, short sleeping time, and longtime video-game playing, were associated with low back pain in school-aged athletes.
KeywordsLow back pain School-aged athlete Lifestyle Bedtime Sleeping time Video-game playing
This study was performed as part of the Miyagi Sports Medical Projects, and supported by Asahi Breweries.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
This study was funded by Asahi Soft Drink Co., Ltd.
- 3.Auvinen JP, Tammelin TH, Taimela SP, Zitting PJ, Jarvelin MR, Taanila AM, Karppinen JI (2010) Is insufficient quantity and quality of sleep a risk factor for neck, shoulder and low back pain? A longitudinal study among adolescents. Eur Spine J 19:641–649. doi: 10.1007/s00586-009-1215-2 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 8.Fernandes JA, Genebra CV, Maciel NM, Fiorelli A, de Conti MH, De Vitta A (2015) Low back pain in schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study in a western city of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Acta ortopedica brasileira 23:235–238. doi: 10.1590/1413-785220152305148842 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 13.Sekiguchi T, Hagiwara Y, Momma H, Tsuchiya M, Kuroki K, Kanazawa K, Yabe Y, Koide M, Itaya N, Itoi E, Nagatomi R (2016) Youth baseball players with elbow and shoulder pain have both low back and knee pain: a cross-sectional study. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc Off J ESSKA. doi: 10.1007/s00167-016-4364-y Google Scholar
- 18.Tochigi M, Usami S, Matamura M, Kitagawa Y, Fukushima M, Yonehara H, Togo F, Nishida A, Sasaki T (2016) Annual longitudinal survey at up to five time points reveals reciprocal effects of bedtime delay and depression/anxiety in adolescents. Sleep Med 17:81–86. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2015.08.024 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 22.Inoue G, Miyagi M, Uchida K, Ishikawa T, Kamoda H, Eguchi Y, Orita S, Yamauchi K, Takaso M, Tsuchiya K, Takahashi K, Ohtori S (2015) The prevalence and characteristics of low back pain among sitting workers in a Japanese manufacturing company. J Orthop Sci 20:23–30. doi: 10.1007/s00776-014-0644-x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 23.Makhsous M, Lin F, Bankard J, Hendrix RW, Hepler M, Press J (2009) Biomechanical effects of sitting with adjustable ischial and lumbar support on occupational low back pain: evaluation of sitting load and back muscle activity. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 10:17. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-10-17 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar