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Predictive factors for neurological deterioration after surgical decompression for thoracic ossified yellow ligament

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the rate and predictive factors of post-operative neurological deterioration in ossified yellow ligament (OYL) surgery.

Methods

A retrospective review was conducted for all patients with thoracic OYL causing myelopathy requiring surgical decompression from January 1998 to December 2012. Clinical parameters under study included clinical presentation, distribution of OYL, pre-operative walking score, pre- and post-operative neurological status, status of intra-operative neurophysiological monitoring, and modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) score. Any complications were also recorded. All outcomes were measured at post-operative 1 week and at 2 years.

Results

A total of 26 patients were included in this study. Most patients (92.3%) had Frankel grade D pre-operatively. The rate of neurological deterioration was 15.4% and was correlated with the presence of dural tear, extra-dural hematoma and spinal cord injury. Pre-operative walking score was prognostic of patients’ walking ability in the post-operative period. Intra-operative monitoring of Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (SSEP) was found to be useful for monitoring spinal cord injury in OYL surgery, with a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 92.3%. The false negative rate of a SSEP signal drop was only 7.7%

Conclusions

This is the first study exploring risk factors for post-operative neurological deterioration after surgery for thoracic OYL. The rate of neurological deficit is not small and prognostic factors for poor outcome include poor pre-operative walking score, presence of intra-operative dural tear, extra-dural hematoma and spinal cord injury, and intra-operative drop of SSEP signal.

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Correspondence to Jason Pui Yin Cheung or Kenneth Man Chee Cheung.

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None of the authors has any potential conflict of interest.

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Chris Yuk Kwan Tang and Jason Pui Yin Cheung are dual first authors.

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Tang, C.Y.K., Cheung, J.P.Y., Samartzis, D. et al. Predictive factors for neurological deterioration after surgical decompression for thoracic ossified yellow ligament. Eur Spine J 26, 2598–2605 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-017-5078-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-017-5078-7

Keywords

  • Ossified yellow ligament
  • Surgery
  • Neurological deterioration