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Evaluation of motion sickness susceptibility by motion sickness susceptibility questionnaire in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis: a case–control study

Abstract

Purpose

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine, with unknown origin. Some studies have noted impaired postural balance in AIS, in particular, difficulty to manage situations with sensory conflict. The motion sickness susceptibility can be secondary to a sensory conflict, for example, between visual and vestibular information. Our hypothesis is: patients with AIS have difficulty in managing situations with sensory conflict and therefore have increased motion sickness susceptibility. The purpose of this study was to evaluate in AIS subjects by evaluating their susceptibility to motion sickness, as compared to a control group.

Methods

We conducted an analysis of data on motion sickness susceptibility collected prospectively from 2012, with the B score of motion sickness susceptibility questionnaire. This evaluation was completed for 65 adolescents (age 14.5 ± 1.6 year) with major right thoracic AIS (Cobb = 40.7° ± 13.1°) and 71 matched controls (14.6 ± 1.6 year).

Results

Adolescents with major right thoracic AIS were more susceptible to motion sickness (B score = 5.3 ± 5.8) than controls (B score = 3.4 ± 3.7) with significant difference (p = 0.025).

Conclusions

We interpret our results suggesting there is difficulty for patients with AIS to manage situations with sensory conflict. Previous studies focusing on situations with sensory conflict in AIS have required sophisticated technology. They are not accessible for routine patient management. Our research shows the same result with simple, non invasive, low-cost and quick method: B score of motion sickness susceptibility questionnaire.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to express their sincerest thanks Professor Philippe Perrin for his caring authorization. The authors are grateful to the HARPS Association members for their helpful comments.

Conflict of interest

Authors have any potential conflict of interest, real or perceived; without study sponsor, in study design, the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data, the writing of the report, and the decision to submit the paper for publication.

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Correspondence to Jean-Francois Catanzariti.

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Catanzariti, JF., Guyot, MA., Massot, C. et al. Evaluation of motion sickness susceptibility by motion sickness susceptibility questionnaire in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis: a case–control study. Eur Spine J 25, 438–443 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-015-4060-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-015-4060-5

Keywords

  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • Postural control
  • Motion sickness
  • Sensory conflict