Twist technique for removal of spinal extradural arachnoid cyst: technical note
We document a spinal extradual arachnoid cyst treated by twist technique. The cyst is tightly adherent to the neural tissue or the dura, and the communication stalk is little or short.
To demonstrate the effectiveness of twist technique of closure of the communication stalk for the removal of spinal extradural arachnoid cyst.
Summary of background data
The standard treatment for a spinal extradural arachnoid cyst is complete excision of the cyst, followed by obliteration of the communication stalk and repair of the dural defect. To our knowledge, twist technique of the communication stalk for removal of spinal extradural arachnoid cyst has not been reported.
A 44-year-old woman presented with a 10-year history of pain and dysesthesia, initially in the posterior neck region and extending gradually to the distal portion of the right upper extremity. Pain and dysesthesia were exaggerated when she was lying down and relieved when standing or walking. She was diagnosed with an extradural arachnid cyst ranging from spinal regions T1 to T3 using MRI. Computerized tomography myelography revealed a mass located posterior to the spinal cord. Pooling of contrast medium was observed in the lesion indicating communication with the subarachnoid space. Laminectomy of the T1–T3 region was performed, preserving the spinous processes and the facet joints. A short communication stalk was found at the proximal root sleeve of right T3. This stalk was closed using twist technique.
The patient experienced marked reduction of pain and dysesthesia after surgery, and the headache and blurred vision completely disappeared. Five days after the operation, she was discharged home in good condition. Postoperative 1 year later, the patient had completely recovered and resumed her normal life.
Twist technique can be seen safe and effective as another surgical option for spinal extradural arachnoid cysts containing a short stalk and dense fibrous adhesion with the dura mater.
KeywordsSpinal extradual arachnoid cyst Dural defect Communication stalk Twist
This study was supported by a grant from the Wooridul Spine Hospital. The authors have no personal financial or institutional interest in any of the drugs, materials, or devices in this article.
Conflict of interest
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