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Seventh cervical vertebral body solitary osteochondroma. Report of a case and review of the literature

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Abstract

Solitary osteochondroma of the cervical spine is a rare manifestation of a common bony tumour. It can create symptoms, depending on the adjacent compressed structures. In this report, a patient suffering solitary osteochondroma on the anterolateral aspect of the C7 vertebral body is presented and the literature is reviewed. A 46-year-old female presented with dysphagia and pain at the anterolateral surface of her neck during cervical movements or application of local pressure. The clinical and imaging assessment ascertained that the above complaints were due to a local tumour in the neck firmly attached to the spine at the anterolateral aspect of the C7 and which resembled an osteochondroma. Surgical treatment was chosen due to the persistence of the symptoms. The lump was resected using an anterolateral cervical approach and it was sent to the pathology department for confirmation of the lesion’s histological character. The patient was completely relieved of her symptoms. Resection of the osteochondroma seems to be the only reliable solution for definitive relief from the clinical complaints. This surgical treatment, as it is reported, has no major complications and gives good functional results. One to four per cent of the osteochondromas are located at the spine. At the cervical spine, they can cause neurological symptoms and more rarely, dysphagia. Reviewing the literature, no case of solitary osteochondroma located in the anterior aspect of the C7 body was found. Two cases suffering from dysphagia were reported due to external compression by anterior hyperostosis of the cervical spine, but not due to osteochondroma.

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Correspondence to Theodoros B. Grivas.

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Grivas, T.B., Polyzois, V.D., Xarchas, K. et al. Seventh cervical vertebral body solitary osteochondroma. Report of a case and review of the literature. Eur Spine J 14, 795–798 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-005-0890-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-005-0890-x

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