Nutritional manipulation is the best option against parasitic infection in ruminants, as it has no residual effect on the animal. Nutrition improves the resilience and resistance of the infected animals and eliminates the resultant clinical anaemia. Twenty-four growing intensively raised West African dwarf (WAD) goats (10.2 + 0.78) were used to assess the effect of incremental levels of protein and energy on the performance characteristics and oxidative status of the WAD goats. The animals were individually housed and allotted to diets containing varying levels of crude protein and energy levels: high-energy high-protein (HH), medium-energy medium-protein (MM) and low-energy low-protein (LL) diets in a completely randomised design. Data were collected for changes in weight gain, haematogical and serum constituents, oxidative stress biomarkers and faecal egg count. Higher levels of energy and protein in the diets increased (P < 0.05) metabolic weight gain (kgBW^0.75) and average daily gain (g/day). Increased levels of crude protein and energy significantly (P < 0.05) increased packed cell volume, haemoglobin concentration and red blood cell count of the goats. Thiol concentration was increased (P < 0.05) with increased level of protein and energy in the diets. The observed reductions in egg per gram of the faeces were similar among the treatment groups. Therefore, increased levels of protein and energy in the diets improve the dry matter intake and daily weight gain with increased erythrocyte count and antioxidant status (through increased thiol concentration) in goats fed MM and HH diets.
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The experiment was funded by the authors.
All procedures performed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Institutional and/or National Research Committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
This experiment followed the ethical standards of the College of Animal Science and Livestock Production (COLANIM) Committee on Animal Experimentation, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. The experiment commenced after the proposal was approved by the animal welfare specialist at the college (ethical clearance number COLANIM/APH/PG/0080/2).
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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Yusuf, A.O., Sowande, O.S., Aina, A.B.J. et al. Oxidative status of growing West African dwarf goat kids fed diets containing different nutrient density. Comp Clin Pathol 27, 635–641 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00580-018-2640-6
- Nutrient density
- Thiol and egg count