Comparative Clinical Pathology

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 779–784 | Cite as

The effect of chronic noise stress on serum levels of cortisol, gonadotropins, and sexual hormones at implantation time of mice

  • Alireza Shafiei
  • Hassan Ehteram
  • Hossein Akbari
  • Masoud Motalebi Kashani
  • Mandana Beigi
  • Javad Amini Mahabadi
  • Tahere MazoochiEmail author
Original Article


Noise pollution is disturbing noise that may harm the balance of human or animal life. This study was designed to examine the effects of noise stress on serum levels of follicular stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), corticosterone, estrogen, and progesterone of mature female NMARI mice at implantation time. In this experimental study, 30 mature female mice were divided into three equal groups. Pseudopregnancy was induced in all groups. The experimental groups 1 and 2 were exposed to noise. After 30 days that noise stress was induced, pseudopregnancy was performed. The experimental groups were exposed to noise stress for 4.5 days. At the end of the last exposure, the animals were anesthetized; afterwards, blood samples were collected. The ELISA technique for determination of the levels of cortisol, estrogen, progesterone, FSH, and LH in serum specimens was used. The results showed reduction of FSH and LH and increasing of corticosterone, in the mature female mice exposed to the noise stress, in the experimental groups compared to the control group. Also, the estrogen level in the experimental groups significantly increased as compared to that in the control group. Regarding the level of progesterone, there was a significant difference between the control and experimental group 2, while there was no significant difference between the control and experimental group 1. Noise stress can reduce gonadotropins and sex hormones at implantation time.


Noise stress Gonadotropin hormones Sex hormones Implantation Pseudopregnancy 



The results describe in this paper is part of the M.Sc. thesis; the present work was financially supported by grant number 9493 from deputy of research and technology, Kashan University of Medical Sciences.

Compliance with ethical standards

The experiments were approved by the ethical committee of Kashan University of Medical Sciences and performed in accordance with the directive 2010/63/EU on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes.

Ethical responsibilities of authors

This paper is our original unpublished work and it has not been submitted to any other journals for reviews.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alireza Shafiei
    • 1
  • Hassan Ehteram
    • 1
  • Hossein Akbari
    • 2
  • Masoud Motalebi Kashani
    • 3
  • Mandana Beigi
    • 4
  • Javad Amini Mahabadi
    • 5
  • Tahere Mazoochi
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Anatomical Sciences Research Center, Kashan University of Medical SciencesKashanIran
  2. 2.Trauma Nursing Research CenterKashan University of Medical SciencesKashanIran
  3. 3.Occupational Health Department, Faculty of HealthKashan University of Medical SciencesKashanIran
  4. 4.Department of Anatomical SciencesLorestan University of Medical SciencesKhorramabadIran
  5. 5.Gametogenese Research CenterKashan University of Medical SciencesKashanIran

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