, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 15–21 | Cite as

Glomus claroideum forms an arbuscular mycorrhiza-like symbiosis with the hornwort Anthoceros punctatus

  • A. Schüßler

Glomus claroideum

(Schenck & Smith emend. Walker & Vestberg) were investigated for ability to form arbuscular mycorrhiza-like symbioses with the hornwort Anthoceros punctatus (L.). Spores were transferred to a cellulose acetate filter on water agar and a small portion of an Anthoceros thallus was placed directly upon the spores. Light-microscope observations 20 days after inoculation revealed branched hyphae growing within the thallus. After 45 days, arbuscules and vesicles were studied by light- and electron-microscopy. After 60 days in water agar culture, the colonised Anthoceros thalli were transferred to a low-nutrient medium agar. Hyphae spread in the agar and newly formed spores were observed 5 weeks after the transfer. After 4 months, about 1000 spores were formed in each Petri dish. This is the first report of an experimentally established arbuscular mycorrhiza-like symbiosis between an identified fungus belonging to the Glomales and a bryophyte.

Anthoceros punctatus Arbuscular mycorrhiza Bryophytes Glomus Ultrastructure 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Schüßler
    • 1
  1. 1.Technische Universität Darmstadt, Institut für Botanik, Schnittspahnstr. 10, D-64287 Darmstadt, Germany Fax: +49-6151-166049 e-mail: schuessler@bio.tu-darmstadt.deDE

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