Growth response of lentil and wheat to Glomus clarum NT4 over a range of P levels in a Saskatchewan soil containing indigenous AM fungi

Abstract

 The growth responses of lentil (Lens esculenta L. cv. Laird) and two wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Laura and Neepawa) to Glomus clarum NT4 in soil containing indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and fertilized with phosphorus at different (0, 5, 10, 20 ppm) levels was studied in a growth chamber. Soil was inoculated with a monospecific culture of G. clarum NT4 to provide an inoculant:indigenous AMF ratio of ca. 1 : 100. The shoot and root growth, and AMF colonization levels of NT4-inoculated lentil were significantly (P≤0.05) greater than the appropriate control plants in the unfertilized soil at 48 days after planting (DAP). At 95 DAP, NT4 inoculation had significantly increased the shoot dry weight (P≤0.08) and AMF colonization (P≤0.05) of lentil plants receiving 5 mg P kg–1 soil, whereas 20 mg P kg–1 soil reduced the shoot growth of NT4-inoculated plants. The NT4 inoculant had no effect (P≤0.05) on shoot P content, but increased (P≤0.08) the P-use efficiency of lentil plants receiving 5 mg P kg–1 soil. In contrast to the inoculant's effect on lentil, NT4 generally had no positive effect on any of the parameters assessed for wheat cv. Laura at any P level at 48 or 95 DAP. Similarly, there was no positive effect of NT4 on shoot or root growth, or AMF colonization of wheat cv. Neepawa plants at any P level at 48 DAP. However, NT4 inoculation increased the grain yield of Neepawa by 20% (P≤0.05) when fertilized with 20 mg P kg–1 soil. This yield increase was associated with a significant (P≤0.05) reduction in root biomass and a significant (P≤0.05) increase in the grain P content of inoculated plants. Thus, NT4 appears to have a preference for the Neepawa cultivar. Our results show that lentil was more dependent on mycorrhizae than wheat and responded to an AMF inoculant even in soil containing high levels of indigenous AMF. It might, therefore, be possible to develop mixed inoculants containing rhizobia and AMF for field production of legumes.

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Accepted: 22 February 1997

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Xavier, L., Germida, J. Growth response of lentil and wheat to Glomus clarum NT4 over a range of P levels in a Saskatchewan soil containing indigenous AM fungi. Mycorrhiza 7, 3–8 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/s005720050156

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  • Key words Glomus clarum NT4
  • Lentil
  • Wheat
  • Indigenous AMF
  • Phosphorus