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Mycorrhiza

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 431–440 | Cite as

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus responses to disturbance are context-dependent

  • Mieke van der Heyde
  • Brian Ohsowski
  • Lynette K. Abbott
  • Miranda Hart
Original Article

Abstract

Anthropogenic disturbance is one of the most important forces shaping soil ecosystems. While organisms that live in the soil, such as arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, are sensitive to disturbance, their response is not always predictable. Given the range of disturbance types and differences among AM fungi in their growth strategies, the unpredictability of the responses of AM fungi to disturbance is not surprising. We investigated the role of disturbance type (i.e., soil disruption, agriculture, host perturbation, and chemical disturbance) and fungus identity on disturbance response in the AM symbiosis. Using meta-analysis, we found evidence for differential disturbance response among AM fungal species, as well as evidence that particular fungal species are especially susceptible to certain disturbance types, perhaps because of their life history strategies.

Key words

AMF Agriculture Root colonization Disturbance types Life history strategies 

Notes

Acknowledgements

MMH was funded by an NSERC Discovery Grant as well as a Gledden Fellowship through the Institute of Advanced Studies at The University of Western Australia. Thanks to Kristin Aleklett for helping with data collection.

Supplementary material

572_2016_759_MOESM1_ESM.docx (26 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 25 kb)
572_2016_759_MOESM2_ESM.txt (257 kb)
ESM 2 (TXT 256 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mieke van der Heyde
    • 1
  • Brian Ohsowski
    • 2
  • Lynette K. Abbott
    • 3
  • Miranda Hart
    • 1
  1. 1.BiologyUniversity of British Columbia OkanaganKelownaCanada
  2. 2.Institute of Environmental Sustainability, Lakeshore CampusLoyola University ChicagoChicagoUSA
  3. 3.School of Earth and Environment, The UWA Institute of Agriculture, Faculty of ScienceThe University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia

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