Advertisement

Mycorrhiza

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 223–226 | Cite as

New Tuber species found in Poland

  • Dorota Hilszczańska
  • Zbigniew Sierota
  • Mario Palenzona
Short Note

Abstract

New information from a survey of truffles carried out in southern part of Poland in September 2007 is presented. The fruit bodies of Tuber aestivum, T. excavatum, T. rufum and one unidentified Tuber sp. were found. The soil chemistry of the five T. aestivum sites was analysed. Our inventory showed that T. aestivum prefers the mixed forest with host-trees such as: Quercus robur, Corylus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Fagus silvaticus and Tilia cordata. Selection of local inocula of T. aestivum for the propagation of truffles production could be an alternative to the Mediterranean truffles orchards in times when demand for the fungi will be increasing. Fruit bodies of truffles are conserved in the collection of biological material in the Forest Research Institute in Sękocin Stary.

Keywords

Tuber aestivum T. excavatum T. rufum Habitats 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Ericco Ianonne (IPLA) and Giuseppe Dulla for the help with the truffles’ finding. We would like also to express our gratitude to Katarzyna Gąszczyk for sharing her knowledge regarding the DNA sequencing and Heloise Gibb for the linguistic support.

References

  1. Bertini L, Amicucci A, Agostini D, Polidori E, Potenza L, Guidi C, Stocchi V (1999) A new pair of primers designed for amplification of the ITS region in Tuber species. FEMS Microbiol Lett 173:239-245CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Brozek S, Zwydak M (2003) Atlas gleb lesnych Polski. CILP, WarszawaGoogle Scholar
  3. Chevalier G, Frochot H (1997) La truffe de Bourgogne. Pétrarque, Levallois-Perret, FranceGoogle Scholar
  4. Chevalier G, Frochot H, Bratek Z (2002) Az europai fekete szarvasgomba (Burgundi szarvasgolmba, Tuber uncinatum Chatin). Ed. Pétrarque, Levallois-Perret, France, p 266Google Scholar
  5. Czerniecki S (1682) Compedium Ferculorum albo zebranie potraw. Polish first cookbook. Collegium Columbinum, Kraków, Poland (1999)Google Scholar
  6. Dams E, Hendriks L, Van de Peer Y, Neefs J-M, Smits G, Vandenbempt I, De Wachter R (1988) Compilation of small ribosomal subunit RNA sequences. Nucleic Acids Res 16(suppl):r87-r173CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Di Battista C, Amicucci A, Guidi C, Bertini L, Sisti D, Stocchi V (1999) A rapid mini-prep method for isolation of ectomycorrhizal DNA from Tuber species. Biotechnol Tech 13:331-335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ericksson J, Andersson A, Andersson R (1997) Tillståndet i Svensk Åkermark (Naturvårdsverket Rapport No. 4778). Naturvårdsverket Förlag, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  9. Gazo J, Miko M, Chevalier G (2005) First results of inventory research on economically important species of truffles (Tuber) in the Tribec Mountains. Acta Fytotech Zootech 8(3):66-71Google Scholar
  10. ISO 10390 (1994) Soil quality. Determination of pH. International Oraganization for Standarization. Geneva, Switzerland, p 5Google Scholar
  11. ISO 11261 (1995a) Soil quality. Determination of total nitrogen. Modified Kjeldahl method. International Oraganization for Standarization. Geneva, Switzerland, p 4Google Scholar
  12. ISO 11466 (1995b) Soil quality. Extraction of trace elements soluble in aqua regia. International Organization for Standardization. Geneva, Switzerland, p 6Google Scholar
  13. ISO 10694 (1995c) Soil quality. Determination of organic and total carbon after dry combustion (elementary analysis). International Oraganization for Standarization. Geneva, Switzerland, p 7Google Scholar
  14. Ławrynowicz M (1988) In: Flora Polska. Rośliny zarodnikowe Polski i ziem ościennych. Grzyby (Mycota). Tom XVIII, Instytut Botaniki PAN, PWN, Warszawa-Kraków: 161 ss. (in polish)Google Scholar
  15. Ławrynowicz M (1999) Tuber mesentericum, an interesting species of black truffle in Poland. Acta Mycol 34(1):169-172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lubelska B (1953) O występowaniu trufli (Tuber Mich. i Choiromyces Vitt.) w Polsce. Fragm Florist Geobot 1:87-96Google Scholar
  17. Pacioni G, Comandini O (1999) Tuber. In: Cairney JWG, Chambers SM (eds) Ectomycorrhizal fungi. Key genera in profile. Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp 163-186 Chap. 6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Palenzona M, Chevalier G, Fontana A (1972) Sintesi micorrizica tra i miceli in coltura di Tuber brumale, T. melanosporum, T. rufum e semenzali di conifere e latifoglie. Allionia 18:41-52Google Scholar
  19. Pegler DN, Spooner BM, Young TWK (1993) British truffles. A revision of British hypogeous fungi. Royal Botanical Gardens, KewGoogle Scholar
  20. Piltaver A, Ratosa I (2006) A contribution to better knowledge of hypogeous fungi in Slovenia. Gozd Vestn 64(7/8):303-312Google Scholar
  21. Pomerico M, Figliuolo G, Rana GL (2006) Tuber spp. biodiversity in one of the southernmost European distribution areas. Biodivers Conserv 16(12):3447-3461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rudawska M, Leski T, Gornowicz R (2001) Mycorrhizal status of Pinus sylvestris nursery stock in Poland as influenced by nitrogen fertilization. Dendrobiology 46:49-58Google Scholar
  23. Trappe JM, Castellano MA (1991) Keys to genera of truffles (Ascomycetes). McIlvainea 10:47-65Google Scholar
  24. Weden C, Ericsson L, Danell E (2001) Tryffelnyheter från Gotland (research on Tuber aestivum syn. T. ucinatum, and T. mesentericum reported from Sweden for the first time). Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 95:205-211Google Scholar
  25. Weden C, Danell E, Camacho FJ, Backlund A (2004a) The population of hypogeous fungus Tuber aestivum syn. T. uncinatum on the island of Gotland. Mycorrhiza 14:19-23CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Weden C, Chevalier G, Danell E (2004b) Tuber aestivum (syn. T. uncinatum) biotopes and their history on Gotland, Sweden. Mycol Res 108(3):304-310aCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dorota Hilszczańska
    • 1
  • Zbigniew Sierota
    • 1
  • Mario Palenzona
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forest PathologyForest Research InstituteRaszynPoland
  2. 2.Forestry and Environment InstituteTorinoItaly

Personalised recommendations