Inoculation of field-established mulberry and papaya with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and a mycorrhiza helper bacterium
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The effects of soil inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and a mycorrhiza helper bacterium (MHB) were investigated on mulberry and papaya plants already established in the field. Ten-year-old mulberry plants (var. M5) were inoculated with Glomus fasciculatum and 1.5-year-old papaya plants (var. Solo) were inoculated with a mixed culture of G. mosseae and G. caledonium with or without Bacillus coagulans at two levels of P fertilizer. Growth, P uptake, yield and AM colonization levels were monitored. Leaf yield in mulberry and fruit yield in papaya were minimal in uninoculated plants given 50% recommended P. However, crop yields of both mulberry and papaya inoculated with AM fungi alone or together with the bacterium and given 50% recommended P were statistically on a par with that of uninoculated plants given 100% recommended P. As inoculation of B. coagulans increased mycorrhiza levels in AM fungal-inoculated plants, this may be included in the class of MHB. Thus, mulberry and papaya already established in the field may respond to AM inoculation and MHB may increase symbiosis development by efficient AM fungi.
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