Advertisement

Microsystem Technologies

, Volume 24, Issue 9, pp 3741–3749 | Cite as

Facile and fast electrospinning of crystalline ZnO 3D interconnected nanoporous nanofibers for ammonia sensing application

  • Hassan Abdollahi
  • Mahmoud Samkan
  • Mir Mehdi Hashemi
Technical Paper
  • 32 Downloads

Abstract

One-dimensional nanoporous metal oxide nanostructures have attracted great interest for their noticeable properties in gas sensor applications. In this paper, we report fabrication of crystalline sub 100 nm 3D interconnected nanoporous nanofibers with about 250 nm diameter. Theses nanostructures have high surface to volume ratio. Glycerol monostearate is used in precursor solution using electrospinning technique and then a subsequent heat treatment is performed on it by calcination process at high temperature. We achieve high crystalline structure of ZnO wurtzite phase. The fabricated crystalline ZnO interconnected nanoporous nanofiber (C–ZnO–INN) is characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, selected area electron diffraction, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. In addition, gas sensitivity of C–ZnO–INN is studied at room temperature. Cobalt is doped in C–ZnO–INN as a gas catalyst to increase sensitivity of the sensor. The results of the tests indicate that the sensor sensitivity is high for ammonia in the range of 1–800 ppm at room temperature. Moreover, the results show that the gas responsivity is linear to methanol, 2-propanol, acetone, acetic acid, and ammonia gases for Co doped C–ZnO–INN comparing with bare ZnO nanofibers. The C–ZnO–INN can be a best candidate for applications in diverse fields including sensor sensing or catalytic fields due to high surface to volume ratio of fabricated nanoporous nanofibers. Furthermore, it has the potential to be used in various semiconductor nanosensor applications (biosensors, high performance chemoresistive gas sensors, and etc.) because of using the facile and fast electrospinning nanoporous nanofibers fabrication method.

References

  1. Ab Kadir R, Zhang W, Wang Y, Ou JZ, Wlodarski W, O’Mullane AP, Kalantar-Zadeh K (2015) Anodized nanoporous WO 3 Schottky contact structures for hydrogen and ethanol sensing. J Mater Chem A 3(15):7994–8001.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ta06286h CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cho JS, Lee SY, Kang YC (2016) First introduction of NiSe2 to anode material for sodium-ion batteries: a hybrid of graphene-wrapped NiSe2/C porous nanofiber. Sci Rep.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep23338 Google Scholar
  3. Comini E, Baratto C, Faglia G, Ferroni M, Vomiero A, Sberveglieri G (2009) Quasi-one dimensional metal oxide semiconductors: preparation, characterization and application as chemical sensors. Prog Mater Sci 54(1):1–67.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmatsci.2008.06.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cuevas JC, Scheer E (2017) Molecular electronics: an introduction to theory and experiment, vol 15. World Scientific, SingaporeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Grossman J, Ferralis N, Cohen-Tanugi D, Dave SH (2014) U.S. Patent application no. 14/210,953Google Scholar
  6. Helwig A, Müller G, Sberveglieri G, Eickhoff M (2009) On the low-temperature response of semiconductor gas sensors. Jo Sens.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/620720 Google Scholar
  7. Hsu NF, Chang M, Lin CH (2013) Synthesis of ZnO thin films and their application as humidity sensors. Microsyst Technol 19(11):1737–1743.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00542-013-1830-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Huang C, Wu S, Sanchez AM, Peters JJ, Beanland R, Ross JS, Xu X (2014) Lateral heterojunctions within monolayer MoSe 2–WSe 2 semiconductors. Nat Mater 13(12):1096CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jin WR, Chen H, Fu G (2008) Study on sensing properties of WO_3 gas sensor doped with carbon nanotube. Trans Microsyst Technol 1:021Google Scholar
  10. Lee JS, Kim SW, Jang EY, Kang BH, Lee SW, Sai-Anand G, Kang SW (2015) Rapid and sensitive detection of lung cancer biomarker using nanoporous biosensor based on localized surface plasmon resonance coupled with interferometry. J Nanomater 2015:1.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/183438 Google Scholar
  11. Michaels RA (1999) Emergency planning and the acute toxic potency of inhaled ammonia. Environ Health Perspect 107(8):617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Rani RA, Zoolfakar AS, Ou JZ, Field MR, Austin M, Kalantar-zadeh K (2013) Nanoporous Nb2O5 hydrogen gas sensor. Sens Actuators B Chem 176:149–156.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2012.09.028 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ryer-Powder JE (1991) Health effects of ammonia. Process Saf Prog 10(4):228–232Google Scholar
  14. Senthamizhan A, Balusamy B, Aytac Z, Uyar T (2016) Grain boundary engineering in electrospun ZnO nanostructures as promisingphotocatalysts. CrystEngComm 18(34):6341–6351.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C6CE00693K CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Taskin MB, Xia D, Besenbacher F, Dong M, Chen M (2017) Nanotopography featured polycaprolactone/polyethyleneoxide microfibers modulates endothelial cell response. Nanoscale.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C7NR03326E Google Scholar
  16. Wałęsa-Chorab M, Gorczyński A, Marcinkowski D, Hnatejko Z, Patroniak V (2013) Supramolecular complexes of cobalt (II), manganese (II) and cadmium (II) with bis (terpyridine) ligand as novel luminescent materials. P J Chem Technol 15(3):91–95.  https://doi.org/10.2478/pjct-2013-0052 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wang L, Deng J, Lou Z, Zhang T (2014) Cross-linked p-type Co3O4 octahedral nanoparticles in 1D n-type TiO2 nanofibers for high-performance sensing devices. J Mater Chem A 2(26):10022–10028.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C4TA00651H CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Wei A, Pan L, Huang W (2011) Recent progress in the ZnO nanostructure-based sensors. Mater Sci Eng B 176(18):1409–1421.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2011.09.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Xu X, Yin M, Li N, Wang W, Sun B, Liu M, Wang C (2017) Vanadium-doped tin oxide porous nanofibers: enhanced responsivity for hydrogen detection. Talanta 167:638–644.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2017.03.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Yin M, Yang F, Wang Z, Zhu M, Liu M, Xu X, Li Z (2017) A fast humidity sensor based on Li + -doped SnO2 one-dimensional porous nanofibers. Materials 10(5):535.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10050535 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Zhang QG, Deng C, Soyekwo F, Liu QL, Zhu AM (2016) Sub-10 nm wide cellulose nanofibers for ultrathin nanoporous membranes with high organic permeation. Adv Func Mater 26(5):792–800.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201503858 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringShahid Sattari Aeronautical University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.MEMS and NEMS Laboratory, Faculty of New Sciences and TechnologiesUniversity of TehranTehranIran

Personalised recommendations