Selective recovery of Au(III), Pd(II), and Ag(I) from printed circuit boards using cellulose filter paper grafted with polymer chains bearing thiocarbamate moieties

Technical Paper

Abstract

This paper describes selective recovery of Au(III), Pd(II), and Ag(I) from waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs) by CFP-g-PHCTMA, an adsorbent based on cellulose filter paper (CFP) grafted with polymer chains bearing thiocarbamate moieties. As a preliminary study, the adsorption kinetics and the effect of acid concentration on the adsorption processes were studied in detail. The adsorption capacity for Au(III) and Pd(II) was not affected significantly by acid concentration, whereas that for Ag(I) was decreased under higher acid concentration. The adsorption proceeded smoothly, and reached equilibria for Pd(II) and Ag(I) within 90 min, and for Au(III) within 150 min. The selective adsorption toward these precious metal ions was maintained even in multi-element solutions. Only Ag(I), Pd(II), and Au(III) were adsorbed from a mixture containing Ag(I), Cu(II), Zn(II), Ni(II), Co(III), V(V), Cr(III), Fe(III), Mn(II), Cd(II), Au(III), Pd(II), Pt(IV), Ir(III), Os(III), Ru(III), and Rh(III). Encouraged by the fast and selective adsorption ability, the recovery of Au(III), Pd(II), and Ag(I) by CFP-g-PHCTMA was studied for a WPCB leachate in aqua regia. These precious metals were selectively adsorbed with negligible adsorption of coexisting ions contained in excess. This study demonstrates that this cellulose-based CFP-g-PHCTMA is an eco-friendly and economically viable adsorbent for the selective adsorption of precious metals.

References

  1. Adhikari CR, Parajuli D, Kawakita H, Inoue K, Ohto K, Harada H (2008) Dimethylamine-modified waste paper for the recovery of precious metals. Environ Sci Technol 42:5486–5491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Akcil A, Erust C, Gahan CS, Ozgun M, Sahin M, Tuncuk A (2015) Precious metal recovery from waste printed circuit boards using cyanide and non-cyanide lixiviants—a review. Waste Manag 45:258–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Azizian S (2004) Kinetic models of sorption: a theoretical analysis. J Colloid Interf Sci 276:47–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chancerel P, Meskers CEM, Hageluken C, Rotter VS (2009) Assessment of precious metal flows during preprocessing of waste electrical and electronic equipment. J Ind Ecol 13:791–810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen AH, Yang CY, Chen CY, Chen CY, Chen CW (2009) The chemically crosslinked metal-complexed chitosans for comparative adsorptions of Cu(II), Zn(II), Ni(II) and Pb(II) ions in aqueous medium. J Hazard Mater 163:1068–1075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen MJ, Wang JB, Chen HY, Ogunseitan OA, Zhang MX, Zang HB, Hu JK (2013) Electronic waste disassembly with industrial waste heat. Environ Sci Technol 47:12409–12416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cui JR, Zhang LF (2008) Metallurgical recovery of metals from electronic waste: a review. J Hazard Mater 158:228–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gurung M, Adhikari BB, Kawakita H, Ohto K, Inoue K, Alam S (2013) Recovery of gold and silver from spent mobile phones by means of acidothiourea leaching followed by adsorption using biosorbent prepared from persimmon tannin. Hydrometallurgy 133:84–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gurung M, Adhikari BB, Gao XP, Alam S, Inoue K (2014) Sustainability in the metallurgical industry: chemically modified cellulose for selective biosorption of gold from mixtures of base metals in chloride media. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:8565–8576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hageluken C, Corti CW (2010) Recycling of gold from electronics: cost-effective use through ‘Design for Recycling’. Gold Bull 43:209–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. He YC, Xu ZM (2015) Recycling gold and copper from waste printed circuit boards using chlorination process. Rsc Adv 5:8957–8964CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ho YS (2004) Citation review of Lagergren kinetic rate equation on adsorption reactions. Scientometrics 59:171–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ho YS (2006) Review of second-order models for adsorption systems. J Hazard Mater 136:681–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ho YS, McKay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem 34:451–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hyder MKMZ, Ochiai B (2017) Synthesis of a selective scavenger for Ag(I), Pd(II), and Au(III) based on cellulose filter paper grafted with polymer chains bearing thiocarbamate moieties. Chem Lett (Accepted) Google Scholar
  16. Jadhav U, Hocheng HC (2015) Hydrometallurgical recovery of metals from large printed circuit board pieces. Sci Rep 5:14574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kihara N, Nakawaki Y, Endo T (1995) Preparation of 1,3-oxathiolane-2-thiones by the reaction of oxirane and carbon disulfide. J Org Chem 60:473–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kim EY, Kim MS, Lee JC, Pandey BD (2011) Selective recovery of gold from waste mobile phone PCBs by hydrometallurgical process. J Hazard Mater 198:206–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lee ST, Mi FL, Shen YJ, Shyu SS (2001) Equilibrium and kinetic studies of copper(II) ion uptake by chitosan-tripolyphosphate chelating resin. Polymer 42:1879–1892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Monier M, Akl MA, Ali WM (2014a) Modification and characterization of cellulose cotton fibers for fast extraction of some precious metal ions. Int J Biol Macromol 66:125–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Monier M, Kenawy IM, Hashem MA (2014b) Synthesis and characterization of selective thiourea modified Hg(II) ion-imprinted cellulosic cotton fibers. Carbohydr Polym 106:49–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nagai D, Imazeki T, Morinaga H, Oku H, Kasuya KI (2010) Three-component polyaddition of diamines, carbon disulfide, and diacrylates in water. J Polym Sci Polym Chem 48:845–851CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Navarro RR, Sumi K, Matsumura M (1999) Improved metal affinity of chelating adsorbents through graft polymerization. Water Res 33:2037–2044CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ni CH, Yi CH, Feng ZY (2001) Studies of syntheses and adsorption properties of chelating resin from thiourea and formaldehyde. J Appl Polym Sci 82:3127–3132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ochiai B, Endo T (2005) Carbon dioxide and carbon disulfide as resources for functional polymers. Prog Polym Sci 30:183–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ochiai B, Ogihara T, Mashiko M, Endo T (2009) Synthesis of rare-metal absorbing polymer by three-component polyaddition through combination of chemo-selective nucleophilic and radical additions. J Am Chem Soc 131:1636–1637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Oh CJ, Lee SO, Yang HS, Ha TJ, Kim MJ (2003) Selective leaching of valuable metals from waste printed circuit boards. J Air Waste Manag 53:897–902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Orgul S, Atalay U (2002) Reaction chemistry of gold leaching in thiourea solution for a Turkish gold ore. Hydrometallurgy 67:71–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Parga JR, Valenzuela JL, Cepeda F (2007) Pressure cyanide leaching for precious metals recovery. JOM 59:43–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Park YJ, Fray DJ (2009) Recovery of high purity precious metals from printed circuit boards. J Hazard Mater 164:1152–1158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rahmani M, Nabizadeh R, Yaghmaeian K, Mahvi AH, Yunesian M (2014) Estimation of waste from computers and mobile phones in Iran. Resour Conserv Recycl 87:21–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sanchez JM, Hidalgo M, Salvado V (2001) Synthesised phosphine sulphide-type macroporous polymers for the preconcentration and separation of gold(III) and palladium(II) in a column system. React Funct Polym 49:215–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sharma S, Rajesh N (2014) 2-Mercaptobenzothiazole impregnated cellulose prepared by ultrasonication for the effective adsorption of precious metal palladium. Chem Eng J 241:112–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Van Eygen E, De Meester S, Tran HP, Dewulf J (2016) Resource savings by urban mining: the case of desktop and laptop computers in Belgium. Resour Conserv Recycl 107:53–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Vinh HH, Lee JC, Jeong J, Huynh TH, Jha MK (2010) Thiosulfate leaching of gold from waste mobile phones. J Hazard Mater 178:1115–1119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang JB, Xu ZM (2015) Disposing and recycling waste printed circuit boards: disconnecting, resource recovery, and pollution control. Environ Sci Technol 49:721–733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Warshawsky A, Kahana N, Kampel V, Rogachev I, Kautzmann RM, Cortina JL, Sampaio CH (2001) Ion exchange resins for gold cyanide extraction containing a piperazine functionality, 2 study of the gold extraction reaction. Macromol Mater Eng 286:285–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Yoshida A, Terazono A, Ballesteros FC, Nguyen DQ, Sukandar S, Kojima M, Sakata S (2016) E-waste recycling processes in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam: a case study of cathode ray tube TVs and monitors. Resour Conserv Recycl 106:48–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhou YM, Hu XY, Zhang M, Zhuo XF, Niu JY (2013) Preparation and characterization of modified cellulose for adsorption of Cd(II), Hg(II), and acid fuchsin from aqueous solutions. Ind Eng Chem Res 52:876–884CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringYamagata UniversityYonezawaJapan

Personalised recommendations